Many countries have travel restrictions in place in a bid to control the spread of COVID-19.
Here's a summary of the travel restrictions being enforced across Europe and beyond.
This article is updated regularly.
Albania has a curfew from 10pm-6am, but in general restrictions are low.
Flights from the UK are banned until the end of February, due to the UK COVID-19 variant. Passengers arriving from the UK on indirect flights have to quarantine for 14 days. Other nationalities do not have to quarantine.
On 30 November last year, Croatia introduced new measures temporarily restricting border crossing. However, some exemptions have been made.
Croatia is following a traffic light system for travel restrictions and anybody coming from an EU country on the 'green list' can enter the country without any restrictions.That’s providing they show no symptoms and haven’t been in close proximity to an infected person.
Iceland is open to tourists from EU/EEA countries only. Travel between the UK and Iceland was banned from 1 January due to the new COVID-19 variant.
Arrivals to Iceland will need to have two PCR tests: one immediately upon arrival and another five days later. Until both tests come back negative, arrivals must stay in quarantine for up to 14 days.
Exceptions apply to those who: are transiting the country, have a certificate to show they have had COVID-19; have a certificate to prove they have been vaccinated against the virus; or those who for medical reasons cannot have the COVID-19 test.
Moldova is under a state of emergency, during which time bars, restaurants and cafes must close between 10pm and 7am.
Public events with less than 50 people are allowed, but not near areas with a high risk of infection.
Regular updates on travel restrictions, which depend on where you're travelling from, come from the border police website here.
Monaco is open for tourists and is following the EU traffic light system to determine restrictions for arrivals.
If you’re travelling from an EU country with more than 60 cases per 100,000 in the last two weeks OR a non-EU country, you’ll need to give your details to the COVID-19 call centre and quarantine when you arrive.
The state of emergency has been extended until March.
Travel to Portugal for non-essential reasons is limited to EU/EEA citizens only and countries deemed low risk.
All arrivals from age 2 and above must provide a negative result from a PCR test and will be subject to health screening when they land in Portugal. There is no requirement to quarantine when arriving to mainland Portugal.
Face masks must be worn in public and social distancing and extra hygiene measures are in force in all public settings.
Similar measures have been adopted in the archipelago regions of Azores and Madeira.
From 18 March 2020, the Russian government introduced restrictions on entry into the whole country for almost all foreign citizens. And from 30 March, temporary restrictions on entry and exit via Russia’s land borders were enforced.
All arrivals into Russia will be temperature checked and will be required to provide a negative PCR test result upon arrival.
More information about Russia's COVID-19 response here.
San Marino is open to tourists and has virtually no entry restrictions in place.
If you are accessing San Marino through Italy, you’ll need to check Italy’s travel advice before you set off.
Restaurants, bars, cafes and other leisure facilities are open with social distancing measures and face mask requirements in place.
You can check the Re-open EU website for more information.
The first case of COVID-19 in Serbia was reported on 6 March 2020. The Government website reports that the situation is currently stable.
All arrivals to Serbia must provide a negative PCR test performed no more than 48 hours before departure to be allowed entry. You may also be subject to a 10-day quarantine.
The usual COVID-19 safety measures apply once you’re there.
The United Kingdom is currently in a full national lockdown, with restrictions expected to start lifting in March, and full lockdown eased by June.
All arrivals into the UK must show a negative PCR test, fill in a passenger locator form and quarantine for 10 days.
Arrivals from high-risk countries will have to quarantine in government-managed hotels for 10 days at a personal cost of £1,750 (2,000 Euros) per person. More information, including the list of high-risk countries, here.
There are fines of up to £10,000 (11,450 Euros) and prison time if quarantine rules are not followed.
Scotland is strongly discouraging arrivals into the country. From 15 February, all arrivals, regardless of what country they travelled from, will have to quarantine in a hotel for 10 days, at a cost of £1,750 (2,000 Euros) .
Travellers who arrive in England whose final destination is Scotland will have to quarantine in England.