The following is a timeline of terrorist attacks to have taken place in Belgium and France since the Charlie Hebdo attacks in January 2015.
Saturday August 6
Machete-wielding man attacks two female police officers in Charleroi, Belgium. The man, a 33-year-old Algerian, is shot dead at the scene.
Tuesday July 26
Two attackers enter a Catholic church in Normandy, northern France, and kill 85-year-old priest Jacques Hamel.
Friday July 14
A truck ploughs into crowds celebrating Bastille Day in Nice, killing 84 people. The death toll later rises to 85.
Monday June 13
Man stabs and kills a French police officer, Jean-Baptiste Salvaing, and his companion in Paris suburb of Magnanville. Attacker shot dead by police.
Tuesday, March 22
Deadly attacks at Brussels airport and underground train network.
Friday, March 18
Salah Abdeslam is arrested in the Molenbeek area of Brussels. The most wanted man in Europe was hiding in a building a few hundred metres away from his parents’ house.
Tuesday, March 15
A police operation in the southern Brussels district of Forest ends with the fatal shooting of Mohamed Belkaid, until that point unknown to anti-terrorism agencies, and the escape of two men, including Salah Abdeslam.
Tuesday, December 22
Yassin Salhi commits suicide in his prison cell in Fleury-Mérogis.
Wednesday, November 18
Belgian jihadist Abdelhamid Abaaoud, suspected of organising the November 13 attacks, is killed during a police raid on an apartment where he had been hiding in the Saint-Denis area north of Paris.
Saturday, November 14
ISIL claims responsibility for the Paris attacks the night before.
Friday, November 13
Almost simultaneous shootings and suicide bombings in Paris. Three suicide bombings outside the national sports stadium Stade de France during an international football match kill the three bombers and one passer-by. Subsequent shootings take place at bars and the Bataclan music venue inside central Paris. A total of 129 people are killed and 352 people injured.
Nine of the attackers are killed, seven of whom are identified. The only surviving attacker, Salah Abdeslam, goes on the run.
Friday, June 26
Yassin Salhi, later identified as a suspected follower of the ultra-conservative Salafist movement, a radical branch of Sunni Islam, assassinates and beheads his boss Hervé Cornara in an industrial zone in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier, near Lyon.
Wednesday, January 14
The Yemeni branch of al-Qaeda claims responsibility for the Charlie Hebdo attacks.
Sunday, January 11
More than four million people take part in marches in support of Charlie Hebdo across France, while other solidarity rallies are held in cities around the world.
Friday, January 9
The shooter at Montrouge, Amedy Coulibaly, is identified as an acquaintance of Chérif Kouachi.
The Kouachi brothers are shot dead as they try to escape a printing works in Dammartin-en-Goële (a town 40 km north-west of Paris) in which they had been hiding.
At the same time security forces raid a Jewish supermarket in Vincennes. Amédi Coulibaly, a 32-year-old French citizen, had been holding several people hostage in the supermarket and is shot dead in the raid. He had killed four of the hostages.
Thursday, January 8
A municipal policeman is killed in a shooting in Montrouge, south of Paris.
Wednesday, January 7
Brothers Chérif and Saïd Kouachi (French citizens aged 32 and 34) shoot dead 11 people at the Paris offices of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo. As they make their escape they kill a 12th person, a 42-year-old policeman.