The clock is ticking at the UN climate summit, with only a few days left to strike a deal that will help limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
“We still have a mountain to climb,” said COP26 chairman Alok Sharma, while acknowledging "progress" in the negotiations.
Here is everything you need to know as Day 9 gets underway at COP26:
- Today is Gender Day at COP26 and the summit is turning its focus to gender-sensitive climate policies. 80 per cent of people displaced by climate change are women and children, according to UNFCC.
The UK presidency will publish a first draft of the summit's cover decision overnight, Sharma said. New texts have been tabled on time frames, transparency, finance and adaptation.
Meanwhile, the hard work continues in negotiation rooms. Teams of two ministers — one from a rich country, one from a poor — have been assigned to oversee negotiations on each topic that will form part of COP26's cover deal, the UK Presidency said on Monday.
Climate Action Tracker, a think tank, released new forecasts saying current climate policies put us on track to 2.7C degree warming — or 2.4C if all governmentsmet their 2030 targets.
"Assuming all countries implement everything they have proposed here, we would in 2030 still emit twice as much as what we should if we want to be on a 1.5C trajectory," said Professor Niklas Hohne of the New Climate Institute at a press conference.
- South Korea became the latest country to backtrack on its pledge to phase out coal by 2030, just days after signing it.
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Rich nations pledge $413m to Least Developed Countries Fund
“The LDCF has a special place in the hearts of Least Developed Countries, as it is the only climate change adaptation fund that is designed to meet our unique needs and priorities. We are 46 of the world’s most vulnerable countries, and the science indicates that our climate risk exposure will only increase,” said Sonam Phuntsho Wangdi, Chair of the LDC Group at the UN climate negotiations.
“Support from the LDCF enables us to take action and prepare for trouble ahead. We are pleased about the generous new contributions to the LDCF announced today and sincerely hope that additional donors will follow suit given how meaningful this source of support is to us,” Wangdi
Climate Action Tracker: We're on track to 2.4C warming if all governments meet their 2030 targets
COP26 Presidency to publish first draft of cover decision overnight
Austrian minister takes 27-hour train ride to COP26
Many senior politicians, including Boris Johnson, have faced criticism for flying to a summit that's all about cutting greenhouse gas emissions.
Climate activists mobilise against drilling project in Scotland
Environmental groups are pressing the UK not to approve drilling in an undersea oilfield north of Scotland.
They say it threatens marine species and will add to global warming.
Siccar Point Energy, in which oil company Shell has a stake, wants to extract oil from the Cambo field, west of the Shetland Islands.
A collection of 16 marine protection and climate groups, including Greenpeace UK, WWF UK, the Marine Conservation Society and Friends of the Earth, are urging the British government to refuse the application.
The Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide says pipelines to export oil from the area could jeopardize hundreds of species, including rare deep-sea sponges, known and ocean quahogs, a type of clam, in a part of the ocean designated a Marine Protected Area.
Plans for new oil extraction and a proposed new coal mine in northern England are overshadowing UK government efforts to persuade other countries to take stronger action to cut carbon emissions at COP26
The British government says UK oil and gas regulators will make the decision, after an environmental impact assessment and a public consultation.
If you weren't able to follow along on Monday, here are five takeaways from Day 8, including an impassioned speech by former US President Barack Obama.