The farmers are angry at the European Union’s response to a glut of agricultural products from Ukraine that they say are flooding local markets and undercutting prices.
Farmers in Romania and Bulgaria staged protests on Friday to express their anger over the European Union’s compensation package in response to a glut of agricultural products from Ukraine.
They say the imports are flooding local markets and undercutting prices.
About 100 farmers converged in Romania’s capital, Bucharest, while hundreds more protested across the country in long convoys of tractors. In neighbouring Bulgaria, grain producers blocked some border crossings with farm vehicles.
Some farmers outside the European Commission's representative office in Bucharest brandished placards that read: “Do not punish our solidarity,” while others urged bloc officials to "take responsibility, take action, take care.”
Last year, the EU waived customs duties and import quotas on Ukrainian agricultural products as a way of facilitating transport to third-country markets. Ukraine is one of the biggest producers in the world of grain and sunflower oil, but its exports were restricted by Russia's blockade of its Black Sea ports, threatening global food security. Russia has warned it may pull out of a deal which has unblocked the ports since last July.
However, farmers in Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, and other EU countries have been disproportionately hard-hit by an influx of cheap Ukrainian produce — namely grain — which stays on local markets and undercuts prices.
On March 31, five Central European countries, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria, called on the European Commission to set up additional aid for farmers in these countries affected by these imports from from Ukraine.
According to them, the most serious problems occur in the countries bordering Ukraine, while wheat arriving from Ukraine to be transferred to other countries in the world often remains behind, causing saturation of silos and a significant drop in its price.
Liliana Piron, executive director of the League of Romanian Agriculture Producers' Associations, said at the Bucharest protest that Romanian farmers have “reached a point where they feel they can no longer face the costs” of the "unfair competition” from Ukraine.
“We are less than three months away from the new harvest and the danger is real, that the goods we will have ready this season will not be able to be sold at prices above production costs,” she said. “We will witness a chain of bankruptcies of Romanian farmers.’’
Brussels last month had pledged to help grain and cereal farmers in Romania, Bulgaria, and Poland with a total compensation package of 56.3 million euros — 16.7 million for Bulgaria; nearly 30 million for Poland, and 10 million for Romania. Farmers and national governments said the money wasn't enough.
“If today’s protest is not heard in Brussels, we will consider larger actions with the participation of other countries that share the same view,” said Iliya Prodanov, head of the grain producers’ association in Bulgaria. He added that there are currently 3.5 million tons of Bulgarian wheat and one million tons of Bulgarian sunflowers stored in local warehouses.
Marian Popa, a Romanian farmer from southern Teleorman County who attended the protest in the capital, estimates he has so far lost about 500,000 euros. “I still have 1,000 tons of sunflower seeds but the price has gone down and it’s still going down,” he said.
Ukraine suspends some agricultural exports to Poland
Also on Friday Ukraine announced it will suspend exports of certain cereals and oilseeds to Poland where an uncontrolled influx has destabilised the local market. The announcement came after the agriculture ministers of both countries met to resolve the issue.
This agreement does not concern the transit through Poland of these products to other countries, they pointed out to journalists.
"The Ukrainian side will refrain, and it is until the new season, from exporting wheat, corn, rapeseed and sunflower seeds," said the new Polish minister Robert Telus who only took office on Thursday. .
"We are not talking about transit" which will be maintained but "will be monitored very closely", he said.
His Ukrainian counterpart, Mycola Solsky, added that, during the next week, the two countries would work out how to "limit exports which will only be possible with the agreement of the Polish side".
On Wednesday, under mounting pressure from farmers staging slow protests across the country and threatening to block border crossings, Poland's previous agriculture minister, Henryk Kowalczyk, tendered his resignation.