The ideology has its roots in the "blood and soil" rhetoric of Nazi Germany.
The town where Mussolini set up Italy's fascist German-puppet republic is standing by the late dictator.
Publishing house Altaforte, which was links to the neo-fascist Italian party CasaPound, has been banned from the Turin book fair after several authors joined a call to boycott the event.
Feminist activists have disrupted a rally by far-right supporters of former Spanish dictator General Francisco Franco, commemorating the 43rd anniversary of his death.
An estimated ten thousand people turned out in Hamburg for an anti-fascist rally last night.
The gathering was to counter a Far Right demonstration in the city - which was overwhelmingly outnumbered.