Seven months later, the Spaniards have returned to the polls. However, after the November 10 election, the possible majorities in the Spanish Parliament have become even more complicated. According to the results, the socialists have won the elections with 120 seats.
Vox promises the suspension of the Catalan autonomy, the outlawing of nationalist parties and "the maximum legal protection for the symbols of the nation, especially the flag, the anthem and the crown.
Voting is underway in Spain as the southern European country holds its second parliamentary election in just over six months this Sunday. Euronews looks at the key factors shaping the vote.
The challenge of separatism in Catalonia, devised against and outside Spain’s constitutional framework, and silencing the majority of Catalans who are against independence, is a challenge for Europe and Europeans.
The new left-wing party was created by Inigo Errejon, the co-founder of Podemos, which he left in January after a disagreement with leader Pablo Iglesias.
Spain will hold parliamentary elections on November 10, acting prime minister Pedro Sanchez said on Tuesday after failing to secure enough support to be confirmed as premier.
Coalition talks between the far-left Podemos party and Spain’s caretaker socialist government have broken down. Acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has until the 23rd of September to form a majority coalition or face yet another general election.
Spain's acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has once again rejected the far-left Unidas Podemos' demand for a formal coalition government.
On Tuesday, Mr Sanchez unveiled a new programme of policies to encourage the far-left party into backing him as Prime Minister.
Last chance for Sanchez as Spanish lawmakers vote again on whether to reconfirm him as the Prime Minister.
Spanish Socialists will give up trying to install their leader Pedro Sanchez as prime minister if he fails to win two investiture votes this month, a spokesman for the Spanish Socialist party said on Tuesday.
The Spanish parliament's governing body on Friday suspended the lawmaker rights of the four jailed Catalan members of parliament while they face trial over the region's failed 2017 independence bid.
Five Catalan separatists were allowed out of prison to be sworn in at the opening session of Spain's new parliament 20 days after general elections
Lord of the Rings actor Viggo Mortensen took up arms after Spanish far-right party Vox used the character of Aragorn in a promotional electoral campaign tweet.
After the Spanish socialists won the election without a majority, they must now form a coalition government with another party or group of parties.
Pedro Sánchez's socialists may need the support of Spanish separatist parties to be able to form a majority government after Sunday's general election
The results of election day have coloured the map of Spain in swathes of Socialist red. With more than 99% of the votes counted, the figures become final.
Spain's new voters: Law change gives disabled right to vote
With polls for general elections in Spain opening soon, the leaders of all the political parties relaxed after completing their pre-election campaigns
Spain's Socialists are considering their next move after coming top in Sunday's parliamentary election, but failing to win an outright majority.
In these Spanish elections, political parties are not only waging a battle for voters on the streets but also on social media.
Spain's politicians entered the final stretch of campaigning before voters go to the polls on Sunday as all the main parties held their last mass rallies
Long queues formed outside post offices around Spain as citizens who wanted to exercise their right to use postal votes had to wait in line to do so
With Spain's election happening next Sunday, a poll shows 60% of undecided voters are women which has some parties vying for their vote.
Some claimed this was ironic in an election that has brought women's issues to the fore.
Nationalist Vox movement excluded from head to head confrontation
Watch Wednesday night's full episode of Your Call.