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Poland's parliamentary election 2019: Will smaller parties prove to be the kingmakers?

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By Joao Vitor Da Silva Marques  & Lezlek Kablak in Krakow
Poland's parliamentary election 2019: Will smaller parties prove to be the kingmakers?
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Elections will take place on Sunday (October 13) in Poland and the super-conservative Law and Justice Party (PiS) is leading the polls by a considerable margin.

In 2015, PiS won the first outright majority since the fall of communism. It may continue to govern the country alone after this weekend, but smaller parties are making gains.

Dr Jarosław Flis, a sociologist at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, thinks smaller parties will possibly play a part as kingmakers.

“What will be the most interesting on the election evening is what will be the position of the fourth and fifth parties because it can determine who will be able to build the majority after the election,” he said.

Poland has been pushed to the right as the ruling party clamped down on press freedoms and some of the checks and balances on power, which not everyone agrees with.

This year's election campaign saw personal attacks on candidates, as well as issues that have stoked tensions with the main opposition coalition.

Robert Biedroń, leader of opposition party Wiosna (Spring), said: “We want a Poland that is open, modern and tolerant. Equal opportunities in Poland, not party politics but competence and skills are the keys to its success. This is the vision of our Poland - a modern welfare state.”

Another opposition leader with the Civic Coalition is Grzegorz Schetyna. He said the current ruling party needs to go.

“The reconstruction of the Polish school, the reconstruction of Polish diplomacy and the army, the creation of modern health protection, the reconstruction of the Civil Service, the reconstruction and improvement of independent courts - this is a precise diagnosis of the catastrophe in which Poland plunged (under) Kaczyński's rule,” he said.

Jarosław Kaczyński is the leader of PiS and is widely expected to win Sunday's vote.

“Our goal is to build a Polish version of the welfare state. We must in this term and with God’s help if society supports us - we focus primarily on wage increases.”

A party will need 231 seats to govern with an outright majority in Poland and preliminary results will be known on Sunday at 9 pm CEST.

Watch Good Morning Europe's report in the player above.

Journalist • Joao Vitor Da Silva Marques

Video editor • Joao Vitor Da Silva Marques