BRATISLAVA (Reuters) – Slovakia’s new president, a former activist lawyer, used a meeting with China’s top diplomat on Wednesday to criticise Beijing’s human rights record, in a rare departure for an east European politician in a region hungry for Chinese investment.
Most politicians in post-communist eastern Europe have steered clear of criticising China’s record on freedom of speech, its treatment of religious and ethnic minorities and other issues.
President Zuzana Caputova, who took office last month, raised her concerns with Chinese State Councillor Wang Yi, who is on a week-long trip to the region that also includes Poland and Hungary.
“In line with the EU’s joint policy, I expressed concern and worries about the deteriorating situation in terms of human rights protection in China, about the detainment of lawyers and human rights activists, and about the position of ethnic and religious minorities,” Caputova said in a statement.
China is actively seeking to boost business ties with Europe through President Xi Jinping’s signature Belt and Road Initiative, which draws inspiration from the ancient Silk Road that linked East and West.
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s government has issued bonds in China and is using a Chinese loan to finance a rail link.
Czech President Milos Zeman has long pushed for closer ties with Beijing and firmly supported Chinese technology giant Huawei as it came under global scrutiny amid allegations that its equipment could be used by Beijing to spy on customers. Both Huawei and the Chinese government strongly deny the allegations.
Caputova, who had no previous political experience, easily beat the ruling Smer party’s candidate in Slovakia’s March presidential election, riding a wave of anger over public graft.
Her record of fighting human rights and environmental cases also boosted her support.
In 2017, Caputova worked for an NGO that initiated the eventual cancellation of amnesties granted by former prime minister Vladimir Meciar to his secret service chief and 12 others over the 1995 kidnapping of the son of then-president Michal Kovac. The amnesties had come to symbolise Slovakia’s slide away from democracy in the 1990s.
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(Reporting By Tatiana Jancarikova; Editing by Jason Hovet and Gareth Jones)