Romania is looking for a new prime minister after the ruling leftists ousted the country’s six-month-old government.
MPs voted overwhelming for a no-confidence vote in PM Sorin Grindeanu, by 241-7.
His left-wing Social Democrat Party (PSD) had withdrawn their support for him, accusing him of failing to carry out necessary economic reforms.
PSD only returned to power in December. But a month later, after a decree was passed that was seen as weakening Romania’s fight against corruption, huge crowds came onto the streets to protest.
Romania is seen as one of the European Union’s most corrupt states and Brussels has kept its justice system under special monitoring since it joined the bloc in 2007.
The PSD and its junior coalition partner ALDE are expected to nominate a replacement for Grindeanu later in the week.