One Palestinian is reported to have been shot dead and more than 40 others wounded in ongoing clashes with Israeil troops in Gaza and the occupied West Bank.
Demonstrations against President Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel entered a second week, with Hamas leaders calling for people to protest.
Turkey also says it is making efforts at the UN to have the US decision annulled.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said: "From now on, for members of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine.
"We invite all countries, especially in Europe, to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine.
"Of course we will continue to work for that, we're starting initiatives at the UN to cancel the decision by the US.
"We, as Turkey, are determined to do our part on this issue."
However, as a permanent Security Council member with veto powers, Washington would be able to block any move against its declaration.
The US Vice President Mike Pence is scheduled to visit Israel next week.