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Meet the Tower of London's new ravenmaster: Protecting the kingdom from a dark prophecy

Barney Chandler, newly appointed ravenmaster at The Tower of London in London, Thursday, Feb. 29, 2024.
Barney Chandler, newly appointed ravenmaster at The Tower of London in London, Thursday, Feb. 29, 2024. Copyright Credit: Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP
Copyright Credit: Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP
By Theo FarrantAP
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Legend has it that should the ravens ever depart the tower, catastrophe will befall the kingdom. To prevent this, King Charles II decreed that six ravens must always reside within the tower's walls.

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If an ancient prophecy is right, Michael "Barney" Chandler has just got the most important job in England.

The 56-year-old former Royal Marine is the new Ravenmaster at the Tower of London, responsible for looking after the feathered protectors of the 1,000-year-old fortress.

According to legend, if the ravens leave the 11th-century tower beside the River Thames, its White Tower will crumble and the Kingdom of England will fall. 

In the 17th century, King Charles II was told of the prophecy and decreed that there must always be six ravens at the tower.

"We take that responsibility very seriously," said Chandler. "And now that I’m Ravenmaster, there’s that extra responsibility on my shoulders."

As for the prophecy, he said "we don’t know if it’s true or not, because we’ve never let the number drop below six - and it’s not going to happen while I’m here."

The legacy of the Ravenmaster

Barney Chandler, newly appointed ravenmaster feeds one of the ravens at The Tower of London in London
Barney Chandler, newly appointed ravenmaster feeds one of the ravens at The Tower of London in LondonCredit: Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP

Chandler, who officially takes up the post on Friday, is one of the tower’s famous Yeoman Warders, part of a corps founded in the 15th century. 

Also known as Beefeaters, the warders are all military veterans who dress in distinctive black and scarlet Tudor-style uniforms and perform a hybrid role: providing security, leading tours of the tower and performing ceremonial duties.

He heads a team of four other Beefeaters looking after the tower’s seven ravens - the six decreed by Charles II and a spare. They are Jubilee, Harris, Poppy, Georgie, Edgar, Branwen and latest addition Rex, who was named in honour of the coronation of King Charles III last year.

The Tower of London through the ages

A view of The Tower of London in London, Thursday, Feb. 29, 2024.
A view of The Tower of London in London, Thursday, Feb. 29, 2024.Credit: Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP
Wenceslaus Hollar, The Tower of London, 1647
Wenceslaus Hollar, The Tower of London, 1647Credit: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The jet-black birds are a familiar feature at the famous London landmark, which has served as arsenal, palace, prison, zoo and more recently tourist attraction.

Built by King William I after his conquest of England in 1066, and it served as a royal residence for several hundred years, but is more famous as a prison.

The Tower is where "the princes in the tower," sons of King Edward IV, were confined in 1483 and allegedly murdered by their uncle, King Richard III, and where Anne Boleyn was executed in 1536 after Henry VIII grew tired of his second wife. 

Other famous inmates have included Princess Elizabeth, the future Queen Elizabeth I; Guy Fawkes, who tried to blow up Parliament; the Kray Twins and Adolf Hitler’s deputy, Rudolf Hess.

Nowadays, almost three million tourists come each year to soak up a millennium of history and see the glittering Crown Jewels, which are stored in the tower.

Looking after the ravens

Barney Chandler, newly appointed ravenmaster looks towards some ravens at The Tower of London in London, Thursday, Feb. 29, 2024
Barney Chandler, newly appointed ravenmaster looks towards some ravens at The Tower of London in London, Thursday, Feb. 29, 2024Credit: Kirsty Wigglesworth/AP

The official title of Ravenmaster is only 50 years old, though the role is far older, and Chandler is the sixth holder of the post. He is in charge of the health and welfare of the birds, who usually roam freely around the tower grounds by day and sleep in cages at night.

Duties include maintaining the birds’ enclosures, arranging veterinary checkups and keeping them fed on their preferred diet of raw meat supplemented by the occasional treat of a hard-boiled egg or a hard-tack biscuit soaked in blood.

The birds’ feathers are trimmed to prevent them flying away, although they occasionally escape. According to Historic Royal Palaces, the charity that oversees the tower, a raven called Grog flew off in 1981 and was last seen outside an East End pub named the Rose and Punchbowl.

Chandler is endlessly fascinated by the highly intelligent birds, which he says are as smart as a 7-year-old child.

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Pressed on his favourite, he names the mischievous Poppy, who hops across the grass beneath the White Tower over and eagerly accepts his offering of a dead mouse as a snack.

He says the bright-eyed corvids are "probably one of the most intelligent animals there are. Sometimes, here, too clever for their own good. But for me that’s the attraction."

"You never know what they’re going to do," Chandler said. They’re all totally different, personality-wise. Some will play ball, but others won’t. It’s just the unpredictability, which is also the interesting part of the job.

Video editor • Theo Farrant

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