The legislation brings to an end rules which have helped millions of EU citizens live and work in the UK, and will instead give equal rights to people from outside the bloc.
Talks on a future EU-UK trade deal have resumed in Brussels, with negotiators meeting face-to-face for the first time since the COVID-19 outbreak.
Up to now, EU nationals paid the same fees as British students and could get access to UK government loans.
The UK Prime Minister and European Commission President said in a joint statement that there would be no extension of the post-Brexit transition period.
The Health Foundation charity stressed that a no-deal Brexit could lead to "a vicious, and avoidable, combination of risks" as the country continues its fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.
It comes amid a stalemate over a post-Brexit EU-UK trade deal.
A look at the key issues exercising minds in Brussels this week.
The UK's exit from the EU came more than three and a half years after the 2016 Brexit referendum. But major challenges lie ahead in determining the future relationship.
The clock is ticking, says France, while the EU's Michel Barnier warns the UK will have to play by some of its rules if it wants a trade deal: "It cannot have the best of both worlds."
Michel Barnier said the UK had to respect "to the letter" the commitments it originally made as talks resume on Tuesday under no apparent sign of progress. Meanwhile, the UK has ruled out any extension of the Brexit transition period.
As Germany prepares to take over the rotating EU presidency in a month’s time, how the bloc emerges from this latest crisis will be Merkel’s last big test, writes Euronews' political editor Darren McCaffrey.
Before he became prime minister, Boris Johnson had promised businesses in Northern Ireland they would face "no forms, no checks, no barriers."
With three rounds of Brexit talks over, the thorny issue of asking for or offering an extension to the transition period approaches with June high-level talks.
The coronavirus crisis is adding yet more strain to a United Kingdom which, for the best part of a decade, has seemed anything but united, writes Euronews' political editor Darren McCaffrey.
Fisheries remain one of the main bones of contention during the EU-UK negotiations, putting the entire post-Brexit compromise at risk. Game theory suggests two styles of negotiation: collaboration or blame-game, but which approach will prevail?
The UK and the EU need to strike a deal on trade and future relations this year.
The EU's chief negotiator says the UK is refusing a post-Brexit transition extension while slowing down talks, at the end of the latest round of negotiations.
A stolen masterpiece, Hungarian democracy being questioned -- and not forgetting Brexit, here are the stories you may have missed this week.
The request for French nationality of Stanley Johnson, 79 , was revealed by his daughter Rachel in a book published last week.
London wishes Michel Barnier a speedy recovery from coronavirus - but insists it won't extend Brexit trade talks beyond the end of this year.
UK government departments prepared for #Brexit planning for both a 'deal' and 'no deal' scenario, following the 2016 referendum. Here's the bill.
Michel Barnier said there were disagreements around fair competition, cooperating over crime and fishing.
Post-Brexit fishing rights up for debate between EU and UK
So many terms have been thrown about on the technical ins and outs of what the future EU-UK trade agreement will look like, so we've narrowed it down to five key ones to give you a simple guide to navigating the news.
We travel to Ostend where Belgian fishermen are worried that their livelihoods are at risk as the EU and UK kick off trade talks.
London and Brussels face a race against time to strike agreement before the transition period expires at the end of the year.