China is in the midst of an unprecedented heatwave and months-long drought during what is usually the rainy season.
It has caused rivers and reservoirs to completely dry up, drastically affecting hydroelectric power stations and causing rolling blackouts in some regions. Factories in Sichuan province - a key manufacturing hub for items like batteries and solar panels - were forced to close for six days in order to ration supplies of electricity.
Vital food crops are also at risk with four government agencies issuing a joint emergency statement on Tuesday (24 August) warning that the autumn harvest was under “severe threat”.
They urged local authorities to use water carefully, calling for the diversion of new water sources and even cloud seeding - dispersing chemicals into the air to induce rain.
The Yangtze River is drying up
One of the worst affected regions is the Yangtze river basin which stretches from Shanghai on the coast to Sichuan province in the southwest. The Yangtze is the longest river in Asia and the third longest river in the world.
Rainfall in the region is at its lowest since records began in 1961, according to China’s Ministry of Water Resources, causing some sections of the river to almost completely dry up.
Falling water levels have even revealed three Buddhist statues on a submerged island that are believed to be 600 years old.
Shocking satellite images released by earth imaging company Planet Labs PBC illustrate the extent of the drought. The contrasting photos show China’s largest freshwater lake, Poyang Lake, in August 2021 and August 2022.
In a section near the village of Zhupaoshan, Jiangxi province, the previously lush, green area has dried to shades of brown. The water in the lake has been reduced to just a thin stream.
Local media reports that levels in Poyang Lake were measured at just 9.87 metres on 19 August. Though the water usually varies with the seasons, it is the earliest date the lake has entered its low season since 1951.
It has been attributed to the continuous high temperatures and low rainfall in the Yangtze Basin.