France's High Authority for Health (HAS) recommended on Friday that people who have previously contracted COVID-19 may only have to receive one dose of the vaccine.
French health authorities are the first in the world to issue such a recommendation.
The HAS said in a statement that current data suggest "people who have already been infected retain an immune memory" whether their disease was symptomatic or not.
"This leads the HAS to propose only one dose to people who have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, regardless of how long they have been infected. This single dose of vaccine will thus act as a booster," it added.
It also recommends that the single dose of the vaccine be administered at least three months after contracting the virus and up to six months later.
The recommendation is aligned with the results of two small studies released earlier this month which compared the antibody responses in people receiving two doses and previously infected people who receive a single dose.
In one of the studies, researchers in New York and Paris examined 109 people — 68 of whom had never had COVID-19 and 41 who had previously tested positive. They found that two weeks after a single dose, people who had previously fought the disease had antibody concentrations that were as high, or up to 10 times higher, than the levels seen in uninfected people who had received two doses of the vaccine.
The second, smaller study, from the University of Maryland, had similar findings.
Lawrence Yong, a virologist and professor of molecular oncology at the University of Warwick, in the UK, said in response to the studies that "if future work can confirm this high level of immunity post a single mRNA vaccine in this group of individuals, this could become a viable option when there are concerns around vaccine supply."
France and the European Union have been criticised for the slow roll-out of the vaccine which was compounded in mid-January by delivery delays from both Pfizer/BioNTech and AstraZeneca/Oxford University — two of the three vaccines authorised for use in the bloc.
By Thursday evening, more than 2.1 million people in France had received a first dose of the vaccine with 535,000 also receiving their booster shot.
More than 3.4 million COVID-19 cases have been confirmed in France since the beginning of the pandemic and 80,803 people have succumbed to the virus — the second-highest death toll in the EU after Italy.