An EU study has revealed which member states have the highest proportion of female scientists and engineers.
Three countries have more female than male scientists and engineers – Lithuania (58%), Bulgaria (54%) and Latvia (52%).
Less than one third of scientists and engineers are women in Luxembourg (25%), Finland (28%), Hungary (31%), Austria (32%) and Germany (33%).
According to the Eurostat survey using figures from 2016, 60 percent of scientists and engineers in the EU are men, while just 40 percent are women.
According to a United Nations study of 14 countries, women are far less likely to obtain a Bachelor’s degree, Master’s or PhD in a science-related field.
Less than 30 percent of scientific researchers worldwide are women, according to the UN.
Women are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathmatics at both graduate and research levels.
Probability of women qualifying in science-related field
Probability of men qualifying in science-related field
UN Secretary-General António Guterres said : "We need to encourage and support girls and women achieve their full potential as scientific researchers and innovators." — UN Secretary-General.”
11 February is the United Nations International Day of Women and Girls in Science.