The scuffles broke out as police tried to close religious schools that had opened despite coronavirus lockdown rules.
Germany is closing most stores and schools, and further limiting social contacts after Angela Merkel and 16 state governors agreed to tighten measures to curb rising infections.
Brussels has made a festive warning and called on EU countries to remain vigilant against coronavirus until a vaccine is widely available.
France's top administrative body ruled in favour of the Catholic church on Sunday saying the 30 person limit in places of worship across the country was too restrictive.
Germany will begin a "lockdown light" on November 2 in an attempt to curb a rising number of COVID-19 infections.
Mayor Dan Jarvis says the decision came after virus cases doubled in local hospitals over the last ten days
Protesters, brandishing placards reading "Boris is barred", "Cancel the curfew" and "Let us serve cake", called for more clarity and consistency from the government.