Officials say the hackers appeared to want to gather intelligence rather than cause disruption.
Big Data, blockchain and the Internet of things (IoT) have positively disrupted many Middle East and North African societies, economies and industries in recent years. However, with these technological advancements have come greater security risks.
"I can honestly say that it pains me. Everyday I try to build a better relationship with Russia and on the other hand, there is such hard evidence that Russian forces are doing this," the German chancellor told lawmakers.
The US Department of Justice announced charges of computer fraud, economic espionage and wire fraud against four members of the Chinese military over the 2017 Equifax hacking.
The Chinese manufacturer has been criticized for making devices that are easy to access without authorization.
The company said that it had seen "significant cyber activity" from a group of hackers that it believes "originates from Iran and is linked to the Iranian government."
Bulgarian police said on Wednesday they have arrested a suspect for a cyber attack on the country's National Revenue Agency (NRA), which led to the leak of personal and financial data of millions of people.
A Canadian woman has been asked to pay 61,000 Canadian dollars ( €40,700) for calls she claims she didn't make.
Marcus Hutchins was praised in May 2017 for putting an end to the global WannaCry cyber attack.