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Winter Olympics: Is your country doing a diplomatic boycott over China's human rights record?

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By Euronews  with AFP, AP
A worker takes down coverings around an exhibit on Chinese culture at a commercial plaza at the Winter Olympic Village in Beijing, Friday, Dec. 24, 2021.
A worker takes down coverings around an exhibit on Chinese culture at a commercial plaza at the Winter Olympic Village in Beijing, Friday, Dec. 24, 2021.   -   Copyright  AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein

Several countries have announced diplomatic boycotts of the 2022 Winter Olympics Games in China over Beijing's human rights track record.

China, which will host the two-week-long events starting on February 4, has criticised boycotting countries for violating political neutrality required in the spirit of the Olympic Charter.

In essence, the diplomatic boycotts will change nothing for athletes and viewers alike. Their aim is more to hurt the pride of host nations such as China, which often have both sports and politics mixed into their motives for staging events as big as an Olympics or football’s World Cup.

Here's a round-up of the countries carrying out a diplomatic boycott.

Europe

Lithuania

The small baltic European Union member state was the first country in the world to announce a diplomatic boycott of the Winter Olympics.

President Gitanas Nauseda confirmed neither he nor any government minister would be at the Games on December 3.

Lithuania and China have been embroiled in a diplomatic spat since the summer when Vilnius allowed Taiwan to open a representative office in the country using "Taiwan" instead of "Chinese Taipei."

Belgium

"The federal government is not going to send representation to the Games," Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo confirmed to parliamentarians on December 18.

Denmark

Denmark said it would not send diplomatic representation to the Olympics on January 14 due to the human rights situation in China.

The rest of the EU

Despite being asked repeatedly, several member states have not yet taken a decision, arguing they hope to find a common EU position.

The French government has sent mixed signals. The education, youth and sports minister told media that some senior officials would attend because "sport is a world in itself that must be preserved as much as possible from political interference" while the foreign minister stated that Paris is "in favour of common position" and that "this issue must be dealt with as Europe."

Germany has echoed the latter, arguing that the decision should be made "in harmony with our European friends."

Several leaders have however cast doubt over the bloc's ability to reach a joint decision and on the usefulness of a boycott, such as Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean Asselborn who stated that "the Olympic Games are always political, there are no politically neutral Olympic Games."

"As a European citizen, I wonder if it is right to send athletes to China and have the political leaders watch on TV," he added.

Austrian Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg also seemed dubious about an "artificial politicisation of the Olympic Games".

Elsewhere, Czech President Miloš Zeman -- known for his support of China -- has criticised the planned diplomatic boycott by other EU member states.

In a letter to Czech athletes, Zeman stated that he was "fundamentally opposed to the misuse of the Olympic idea for political purposes".

Sweden meanwhile said that representation would not attend the games due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

United Kingdom

Prime Minister Boris Johnson said in early December that "there will be effectively a diplomatic boycott of the Winter Olympics in Beijing" as no British senior officials will attend.

"The government has no hesitation in raising these issues with China, as I did with President Xi the last time I talked to him," he added.

Americas

United States

Washington announced its diplomatic boycott on December 6.

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said the decision was made over "the PRC's ongoing genocide and crimes against humanity in Xinjiang and other human rights abuses."

"The athletes on Team USA have our full support. We will be behind them 100 per cent as we cheer them on from home, but will not be contributing to the fanfare of the Games," she added.

Canada

Two days after Washington's announcement, Ottawa followed suit with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau writing on Twitter that "Canada remains deeply disturbed by reports of human rights violation in China."

"As a result, we won't be sending diplomatic representatives in Beijing for the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. We'll continue to support our athletes who work hard to compete on the world stage," he added.

Asia

Japan

Tokyo announced it wouldn't send a delegation of ministers on December 24 although chose not to call it a diplomatic boycott, with Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno telling reporters: "We don’t use a particular term to describe how we attend."

Japan Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has made human rights a key part of his diplomacy and created a special advisory position to tackle the issue and has said he hopes to make a constructive relation with China.

“Japan believes that it is important for China to guarantee the universal values ​​of freedom, respect for basic human rights, and the rule of law, which are universal values ​​in the international community,” Matsuno said. Japan took those points into consideration to make its own decision, he added.

Oceania

Both Australia and New Zealand have joined the movement with Canberra saying it was "the right thing to do" and in Australia's "national interest."

Authorities in New Zealand have however stressed that "there was a range of factors but mostly to do with COVID, and the fact that the logistics of travel and so on around COVID are not conducive to that kind of trip."