Russian and US negotiators will sit down for talks early next year to discuss Moscow's demand for Western guarantees precluding NATO's expansion to Ukraine, Russia’s top diplomat said Wednesday.
Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that Russia in January will also start separate talks with NATO to discuss the issue, adding that separate negotiations under the auspices of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe will also be held.
Last week, Moscow submitted draft security documents demanding that NATO deny membership to Ukraine and other former Soviet countries and roll back the alliance’s military deployments in Central and Eastern Europe. Washington and its allies have refused to provide such pledges, but said they are ready for the talks.
Moscow presented the demands amid soaring tensions over a Russian troop buildup near Ukraine that has stoked fears of a possible invasion. US President Joe Biden warned Russian President Vladimir Putin in a conference call earlier this month that Russia will face “severe consequences” if it attacks Ukraine.
Putin has denied having plans to launch an attack but has described NATO’s expansion to Ukraine and weapons deployment of the alliance weapons there as a “red line.”
“We don’t want a war,” Lavrov said Wednesday. “We don’t want to take the path of confrontation. But we will firmly ensure our security using the means we consider necessary.”
Speaking in a live interview with Russian RT television, Lavrov hailed Washington’s “business-like” approach that helped quickly agree on parameters of the future talks.
He added that Moscow would be ready to consider Washington’s demands, but warned that the talks mustn't drag out indefinitely.
“I hope that they will take us seriously given the moves we take to ensure our defence capability,” he said.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov also hailed reaching a quick agreement on the start of the talks, but noted that they should be “aimed at reaching concrete results and not become drawn out.” He added that Moscow expects Washington to present a detailed platform for the talks and be ready for a constructive discussion.
“We want these talks,” he said in a conference call with reporters. “And, certainly, the talks are held to discuss each other’s positions.”
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Tuesday that Washington is working with its European allies to address what he called “Russian aggression” with diplomacy but said Biden opposes the kind of guarantees sought by Putin.
“The president has been extremely clear for many, many years about some basic principles that no one is moving back on: the principle that one country does not have the right to change by force the borders of another, that one country does not have the right to dictate the policies of another or to tell that that country with whom they may associate,” Blinken told reporters in Washington. “One country does not have the right to exert a sphere of influence. That notion should be relegated to the dustbin of history.”
Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula in 2014 and shortly after cast its support behind a separatist rebellion in the country’s east. The fighting, which started more than seven years ago, has killed over 14,000 people and devastated Ukraine’s industrial heartland, known as the Donbas.
Ukraine's security chief said Wednesday that the country now faces more than 250,000 troops amassed in western Russia.
Oleksiy Danilov, the secretary of Ukraine's National Security and Defence Council, said that 122,000 Russian troops are concentrated within 200 kilometres of the Ukrainian border and another 143,500 Russian soldiers are within a broader, 400-kilometre distance from it.
He added that the Ukrainian authorities are closely monitoring the situation.
“If the situation exacerbates, it can't happen momentarily,” Danilov said. “It will require preparation, and we are watching it.”
Moscow has rejected Western concerns about the troop concentration, saying it's free to deploy them wherever it deems necessary on its territory. It has denied the allegations of a planned invasion as a Western smear campaign and, in its turn, accused Ukraine of an intention to reclaim control of the rebel-held areas by force. Ukrainian officials have denied having any such plans.
On Tuesday, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu claimed that more than 120 US private military contractors are currently operating in two villages near the line of contact in eastern Ukraine, training Ukrainian troops and setting up firing positions in residential buildings and different facilities. He also alleged that they stockpiled toxic chemicals in preparation for a possible provocation.
Ukraine's Foreign Ministry strongly rejected Shoigu's claim as part of a Russian disinformation campaign.
In Tuesday's speech before top military brass, Putin warned that Russia will have to take “adequate military-technical measures” if the West continues its aggressive course “on the threshold of our home.”
“They must understand that we have nowhere to retreat,” Putin said.
Peskov on Wednesday wouldn't specify what those military-technical steps may include, saying only that they will imply “an entire range of measures to ensure security of the Russian Federation and the deterrent parity.”
Asked about Putin's warning, German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock said the Russian leader's statement causes concern and underlined the need for a dialogue.
"Yes, my concern is great, but that means all the more that we must enter dialogue with every millimetre of our own action,” Baerbock said in Berlin. “And that also means that, if proposals are made that are not our basis for negotiations, we must speak to each other.”
She stressed the importance of returning to four-way talks between Germany, France, Russia and Ukraine, and again expressed hopes of reviving talks in the NATO-Russia Council to prevent further escalation.