An emergency declaration may be the shutdown off-ramp. But what about the consequences?

Image: Donald Trump South Lawn
President Donald Trump speaks to the press at the White House on Jan. 10, 2019. Copyright Brendan Smialowski AFP - Getty Images
By Chuck Todd and Carrie Dann with NBC News Politics
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First Read is your briefing from "Meet the Press" and the NBC Political Unit on the day's most important political stories and why they matter.


WASHINGTON — It's a strange, upside-down world when much of official Washington is hoping for the president to make a sweeping, legally questionable constitutional power play to get out of a political jam. But that's where we are on Day 21 of the partial government shutdown, now tied for the longest such funding lapse in modern political history.

With 800,000 federal workers slated to miss a paycheck today, there are no meetings scheduled for negotiations. Efforts for grand bargain legislation have been abandoned. We're just… stuck. And there's a grudging acceptance from many lawmakers that the best way out of the impasse is for the president to declare a national emergency and attempt to take unilateral action to construct a border wall while also opening the federal government.

The short-term politics make sense for Trump: The move would surely be caught up in a lengthy court challenge, which would give Trump a new foil and show his base his willingness to fight.

But in the long-term, what does it say about the health of our democracy that lawmakers are hoping to fix a political problem with an executive power grab with major constitutional consequences? Trump's skeptics are putting a lot of faith in the courts to be a guardrail, but isn't this the definition of a slippery slope? And of course, it goes without saying that Republicans would be howling at even a hint of a move like this from a Democratic president.

There's a sense of ominousness about the whole thing, as we certainly took away from Lindsey Graham's written statement yesterday.

"It is time for President Trump to use emergency powers to fund the construction of a border wall/barrier," he wrote. "I hope it works."

If Trump doesn't declare an emergency, this may be the last day McConnell can sit on the sidelines

Until now, Mitch McConnell has been mostly absent from the shutdown debate. But if Trump declines to declare an emergency and the shutdown drags into next week, McConnell may finally be dragged off the sidelines. Yes, Trump has said he will oppose any legislation to open the government that doesn't include wall funding, and McConnell is in no mood to be burned like he was when the Senate unanimously passed a short-term funding measure that the White House rejected last month. But nearly a month into the crisis, McConnell may finally have to do something to move the ball if the White House won't.

And while McConnell may face the most acute pressure, Democrats aren't off the hook here, either. They think they're winning this fight now — and they may be — but it's hard for anyone to look like a winner the longer this mess goes on.

Shutdown costs are mounting

Meanwhile, here's the latest on the consequences of the shutdown today:

  • At Day 21, we are now tied for the longest shutdown in modern political history. The previous 21-day shutdown stretched from December 16, 1995- to January 6, 1996.
  • 800,000 federal workers are set to miss their first paycheck today, including about 420,000 who are working without pay
  • Aviation industry workers are warning of "eroding" safety, including delays in aircraft inspections
  • HUD funds have been frozen for low-income senior citizens, with staff scrambling to fund affordable housing contracts that have expired during the shutdown
  • Federal cleanups at Superfund sites have been suspended.
  • ICE could run out of money to pay contractors
  • Some farmers in Trump Country are losing patience with the shutdown

Michael Cohen to testify publicly before House Oversight Committee

Back during the 2018 campaign, when we talked about the potential consequences of Democrats taking back the House, this is what we were talking about. Former Trump lawyer Michael Cohen has agreed to testify publicly before the House Oversight Committee on February 7, before he goes to prison, per NBC's Rebecca Shabad.

The public testimony — which will include questions about Trump's personal life and business deals — is sure to be blockbuster TV (although limitations on questioning mean that Cohen likely won't be able to address the Russia investigation.)

But there are risks for Democrats here, too. Cohen is far from the most credible witness, and it's easy to imagine a situation where the whole spectacle goes off the rails. If it does, it could be an inauspicious start to Democrats' new investigative role.

Fact checking Trump's "write out a check" claim

At the White House yesterday, Trump said this of his wall promise: "When during the campaign, I would say Mexico's going to pay for it. Obviously, I never said this, and I never meant they're gonna write out a check, I said they're gonna pay for it."

But back when his campaign was being pressed for details on how Trump would compel Mexico to pay for a wall, the campaign released a memo to the Washington Post in March 2016 outlining how he'd threaten to cut off the flow of money from Mexican nationals working in the U.S. sending money back home. The document also suggested moves like cancelling visas and enacting new tariffs to pressure the Mexican government into paying.

"It's an easy decision for Mexico," the memo read. "Make a one-time payment of $5-10 billion to ensure that $24 billion continues to flow into their country year after year."

And finally: Tarrant County GOP official survives recall vote over his Muslim faith

Here's a story we've been watching out of Texas. "Shahid Shafi will retain his role as vice-chairman of the Tarrant County Republican Party despite a push from a small faction of precinct chairs to remove him from his post because he's Muslim," writes the Texas Tribune.

"The formal motion to oust him failed in a 49-139 vote, said county party spokesman Mike Snyder. Those who were in favor of Shafi's removal said he's unequipped to be vice-chairman because he doesn't represent all Tarrant County Republicans due to his religion. They've also said Islamic ideologies run counter to the U.S. Constitution — an assertion many Texas GOP officials have called bigoted and Shafi himself has vehemently denied."

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