Battulga wore a blue robe and black brimmed hat for the inauguration ceremony, and was accompanied by outgoing president Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, who wore a more elaborate ivory-coloured costume and pointed hat.
A soldier in blue, red and gold ceremonial robes looked on as the former martial arts star was sworn in, holding his heart in his right hand.
Some investors have been wary of a Battulga presidency because of his calls for more state control of some mines and his suspicions of China, Mongolia’s biggest trade partner.
Despite past protests, he has said he will stand behind plans to build a key railway to China from the enormous Tavan Tolgoi coal mine and has praised China’s Belt and Road pan-Asian infrastructure initiative.
He told the inauguaration ceremony at Ulaanbaatar’s Soviet-styled Government Palace: “The Mongolian people have many expectations. Many challenges that are waiting for solutions require policies that need cooperation, hard work and a patriotic mindset. The people’s trust in me is my roadmap and implementing it (the policy) is my duty, as I understand it.”
Battulga captured the attention of voters who feel Mongolia received a bad deal on investments, promising greater government control of strategic mines, such as Rio Tinto’s, Oyu Tolgoi copper mine.
Mongolia is a parliamentary democracy. The government is run by a prime minister, but the president has powers to veto legislation and make judicial appointments.
Elbegdorj will step down as president after finishing his second and final term.