Pope Francis welcomed Iranian President Hassan Rouhani to the Vatican on Tuesday.
The two held a private talk that lasted 40 minutes.
They discussed ideas over addressing conflict in the Middle East and the need to combat terrorism, according to the Vatican.
Rouhani is on a trip to Europe, looking to usher in a new era of warmer ties – after years of crippling sanctions imposed by the West over Iran’s nuclear programme.
He is leading a 120-member delegation, that includes government ministers and business leaders, for the five days of meetings in Italy and France.
14 economic & coop agreements signed w/ Italy. New chapter in economic ties & scientific-cultural exchange has begun pic.twitter.com/CSJM1LgvyS— Hassan Rouhani (@HassanRouhani) January 26, 2016