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The United Nations: 70 years on

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By Euronews
The United Nations: 70 years on

<p>As the United Nations marks its 70th anniversary, euronews looks back at its formation and the roles of its different bodies. </p> <p>It is at its headquarters in New York that the UN, made up of 193 member countries, works to solve disputes and to preserve peace, security and international justice – in accordance with the founding charter of the United Nations. </p> <p>Drafted in San Francisco in 1945, the charter was adopted unanimously on June the 25th that year, following a vote chaired by Lord Halifax.</p> <p>“It is now my duty, my honour and my privilege in the chair to call for a vote and the approval of the Charter of the United Nations,” said Lord Halifax at the time. </p> <p>The charter was signed the next day, but could not come into force until a formal ratification process was completed. It was on 24 October that the UN became a reality. </p> <p>The formation of the main UN bodies then followed. They include:</p> <p><strong>UN General Assembly:</strong> the policy-making and representative body of the UN.</p> <p><strong>UN Security Council:</strong> it has responsibility for maintaining peace and international security. </p> <p><strong><span class="caps">ECOSOC</span>:</strong> it coordinates economic, social and environmental policies and development goals.</p> <p><strong>Trusteeship Council:</strong> set up to oversee the administration of Trust Territories. </p> <p><strong>International Court of Justice:</strong> with headquarters in The Hague, it settles legal disputes. </p> <p><strong>UN Secretariat:</strong> headed up by the Secretary-General, it oversees the day-to-day work of the UN.</p> <p>Over the past 70 years, the organisation has brought about dialogue between its members and hosted negotiations. And now, in 2015, as the world is confronted with a number of challenges, it is an organisation that is firmly in the spotlight.</p>