The unresolved disappearance of Vatican resident Emanuela Orlandi has captured the imagination of Romans and Italians alike for four decades.
Opposition lawmakers in Italy are seeking a parliamentary commission of inquiry into the 1983 disappearance of a 15-year-old highlighted in the Netflix documentary "Vatican Girl".
The missing case of Emanuela Orlandi, a Vatican and Italian national, has consumed the Italian public's imagination for decades.
The 1983 disappearance of Mirella Gregori — believed to be in connection with the Orlandi case — and the 1990 murder of Simonetta Cesaroni would also be a part of the investigation.
The aim of the inquest, said Senator Carlo Calenda, would be to pressure the Holy See to finally turn over everything it knows about Orlandi's disappearance to Italian law enforcement authorities, saying its longstanding official claim of ignorance was "hardly credible".
"We are a great secular nation that treats the Vatican with respect, but this case certainly cannot be considered closed in this way," Calenda said on Tuesday at a news conference announcing the proposed commission.
'An Italian affair that deserves truth and justice'
Orlandi vanished on 22 June 1983 after leaving her family's Vatican City apartment to go to a music lesson in Rome. Her father was a lay employee of the Holy See.
The Italian media and a quest by her brother, Pietro Orlandi, to find answers have kept her disappearance alive as an enduring Vatican mystery.
"I will knock on all doors, left or right. Emanuela's case is not a partisan (issue). It is an Italian affair that deserves truth and justice," Orlandi said, talking to the domestic press. "I feel positive."
Over the years, the Orlandi case has been linked to everything from the plot to kill St John Paul II and a financial scandal involving the Vatican bank to Rome's underworld and the Magliana criminal organisation.
Lawmakers and lawyers for Orlandi's family and those of two other young women whose disappearance or deaths were never solved said on Tuesday that the proposal for a commission of inquiry has been submitted to the lower Chamber of Deputies for an initial view and also would be filed in the Senate.
The idea must be voted on at the committee level. There was no indication of how the centre-right, which enjoys a comfortable majority in both houses, would vote.
Parliamentary inquests have been used in the past to dig deeply into unresolved Mafia crimes and terrorist attacks and can be activated to conduct investigations "on matters of public interest", according to the Italian Constitution.
Such inquiries are not meant to replace police investigations, but participating members of the Italian Parliament have the same powers and limitations as law enforcement.
Their final reports can provide sufficient new evidence, as well as political and institutional backing, to justify reopening archived cases.
That's the hope of Pietro Orlandi, who has for four decades sought to compel the Vatican to tell all that it knows about his sister's disappearance.
He believes the Holy See is hiding information in the case because it might implicate high-ranking churchmen.
"It is now understood that this is not the affair of a Vatican citizen but a big black hole in Italian history in which the Vatican, the Magliana gang and the big secret services are involved. I appeal to all political forces," he emphasised.
Justice after four decades of silence
In 2019, the Vatican bowed to the family's request and opened a tomb in its cemetery after a tip came in suggesting the girl's remains were there, but the dig turned up nothing.
Calenda, of the opposition Action party, acknowledged a parliamentary inquest has no subpoena power to compel the Holy See authorities to cooperate or turn over files since the Vatican is a sovereign city-state.
But he said parliament should nevertheless force the issue since Italy has been "submissive" to the Vatican through the various contours of the Orlandi investigation.
"We must restore a principle that the Italian state has great respect for the Vatican and its role as a sovereign state for its spiritual teaching but is in no way submissive to the Vatican state," Calenda said.
Italy, he said, "is a secular republic that is based on popular sovereignty and interacts on equal footing with the Vatican state."
The ultimate aim, according to Orlandi family attorney Laura Sgro, would be for Italian prosecutors to formally request the Vatican's files with the backing of an Italian parliamentary commission of inquiry behind them.
Three such requests were sent in the early years of the investigation but came back with little pertinent information, she said.
Sgro acknowledged there had been four previous proposals for parliamentary commissions of inquiry to look into the Orlandi disappearance, but none of them went ahead.
She was hopeful, given the recent seating of a new legislature and the Catholic Church no longer holding the same political sway, the idea would get off the ground this time around.
"The disappearance of Emanuela Orlandi is a black hole in the history of this country," Sgro repeated.
Challenging lawmakers to approve the commission, she warned that anyone blocking it would have to "Tell us why in this country, after 40 years, a family cannot have justice."