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Ancient Norwegian gold jewellery found by man who bought metal detector to ‘get off the couch’

Bore had bought his first metal detector earlier in the year after his doctor ordered him to get out instead of sitting on the couch.
Bore had bought his first metal detector earlier in the year after his doctor ordered him to get out instead of sitting on the couch. Copyright Anniken Celine Berger/Anniken Celine Berger, Arkeologisk museum, UiS / NTB
Copyright Anniken Celine Berger/Anniken Celine Berger, Arkeologisk museum, UiS / NTB
By Rebecca Ann HughesAP
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The plan is to exhibit the find at the Archaeological Museum in Stavanger, about 300 kilometres southwest of Oslo.

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A Norwegian man who bought a metal detector as a new hobby has made the “gold find of a century.”

Initially, the amateur detective thought the device had reacted to chocolate money buried in the soil.

It turned out to be nine pendants, three rings and 10 gold pearls someone might have worn as fancy jewellery 1,500 years ago.

The rare find was made this summer by 51-year-old Erlend Bore on the southern island of Rennesoey, near the city of Stavanger.

Bore had bought his first metal detector earlier in the year after his doctor ordered him to get out instead of sitting on the couch.

Ole Madsen, director of the Archaeological Museum at the University of Stavanger, said that to find "so much gold at the same time is extremely unusual.”

In August, Bore began walking around the mountainous Rennesoey island with his metal detector.

A statement issued by the university said he first found some scrap, but later uncovered something that was "completely unreal” - the treasure weighing a little more than 100 grammes.

Under Norwegian law, objects from before 1537, and coins older than 1650, are considered state property and must be handed in.

Anniken Celine Berger/Anniken Celine Berger, Arkeologisk museum, UiS / NTB
Under Norwegian law, objects from before 1537, and coins older than 1650, are considered state property and must be handed in.Anniken Celine Berger/Anniken Celine Berger, Arkeologisk museum, UiS / NTB

Associate professor Håkon Reiersen with the archaeological museum said the gold pendants - flat, thin, single-sided gold medals called bracteates - date from around 500 AD.

This is the so-called Migration Period in Norway, between 400 and about 550, when there were widespread migrations in Europe.

The pendants and gold pearls were part of “a very showy necklace” that had been made by skilled jewellers and was worn by society’s most powerful, said Reiersen.

Watching the detectives

He added that “in Norway, no similar discovery has been made since the 19th century, and it is also a very unusual discovery in a Scandinavian context.”

Professor Sigmund Oehrl, an expert on such pendants at the same museum, said that about 1,000 golden bracteates have so far been found in Norway, Sweden and Denmark.

Pendants usually show the Norse god Odin healing the sick horse of his son, according to Oehrl. On the Rennesoey ones, the horse’s tongue hangs out and “its slumped posture and twisted legs show that it is injured,” Oehrl said.

“The horse symbol represented illness and distress, but at the same time hope for healing and new life,” he added.

The plan is to exhibit the find at the Archaeological Museum in Stavanger, about 300 kilometres southwest of Oslo.

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