For 200 years, two portraits by the Dutch master Rembrandt were completely unknown to scholars. This summer, they'll be sold at Christie's.
In 1824, a pair of portraits by the Dutch master Rembrandt were sold at Christie’s auction house. The tiny paintings were then lost to history, their existence completely unknown to art scholars, an unusual oversight for an artist of Rembrandt’s status.
Nearly two centuries later, Christie’s International Deputy Chairman of Old Master Paintings Henry Pettifer discovered the portraits sitting quietly in a British family’s collection. The family had no idea the paintings were done by Rembrandt.
“This is one of the most exciting discoveries we have made in the Old Masters field in recent years,” Pettifer said in a statement, calling the portraits “exceptionally rare”.
The paintings were authenticated after an extensive scholarly investigation and scientific analysis undertaken at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and are now preparing to go back under the hammer.
Believed to be the last known pair of portraits by Rembrandt to remain in private hands, they will be sold at Christie’s in London this summer, and are expected to fetch an estimated €5 to 9 million (£5-8 million).
Unique insight into Rembrandt as an artist
At 20 cm tall, the pieces are intimate portrayals of an elderly couple who were close to Rembrandt and his family, providing unique insight into the Dutch master’s role as a painter within his inner circle.
“Painted with a deep sense of humanity, these are amongst the smallest and most intimate portraits that we know by Rembrandt, adding something new to our understanding of him as a portraitist of undisputed genius,” Pettifer said.
The subjects were wealthy plumber Jan Willemsz van der Pluym and his wife Jaapgen Carels, who lived in the Dutch painter’s birthplace of Leiden and were intimately connected with Rembrandt and his family.
In 1635, the year the portraits were completed, when Rembrandt had been living in Amsterdam for four years, the couple had just purchased the garden next to Rembrandt’s mother’s house in Leiden.
Their son married Rembrandt’s cousin on his mother’s side, and their grandson from that marriage – an artist himself – is believed to have trained with Rembrandt in later years.
A long journey through private collections
The portraits remained in the elderly couple’s family until 1760, when they were first sold at auction in Amsterdam.
After that they passed through private collections in Warsaw, Paris and the UK before being acquired by Christie’s through an ancestor of the present owners in the 1800s.
Sold as lot 76 at a Christie’s auction on June 18, 1824, the paintings were listed as: “Rembrandt – very spirited and finely coloured.” Since then, they have remained in the same private UK collection.
The portraits will go on tour in New York and Amsterdam in June before returning to London, where they can be viewed by the public from 1-6 July for the Classic Week pre-sale exhibition ahead of the sale on 6 July.
Christie's holds the world auction record for Rembrandt, which was set in 2009 when "Portrait of a Man with Arms Akimbo" sold for €23,225,579 (£20,201,250).