Copernicus: 2023 officially hottest year in recorded history

2023 is hottest year on record
2023 is hottest year on record Copyright DFES/Dept.Fire and Emergency Services. WA
By Euronews
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The announcement comes as representatives at the United Nations climate conference in Dubai prepare to wrap up their first week of talks with moderate progress on some issues.

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2023 is on track to become the hottest year in history according to Copernicus, Europe's Climate Change Service. November was the sixth consecutive month to break records: with an average daily temperature of 14.22 degrees Celsius, exceeding 2020's record by 0.32 degrees.

“There have been new records for six months in a row and two seasons. This extraordinary November means that 2023 will be the hottest year since records began," said Samantha Burgess, the deputy director of the service.

Additionally, between January and November, the average temperature was 1.46 degrees above averages recorded in the pre-industrial period and 0.13 degrees above 2016's record, the year that held the record until now, reported the Bonn-based institute.

Copernicus's new report comes as negotiators in Dubai are preparing to wrap up their first week of talks at COP28. 

Wednesday's sessions will focus on transport, the second-leading sector for carbon dioxide emissions with panels on building EV charging infrastructure and decarbonising urban freight transportation.

Despite the rapid growth of electric vehicles in some countries, oil still accounts for nearly 91% of the energy used in the transport sector, according to the International Energy Agency. 

And it's a sector that includes hard-to-decarbonise industries like aviation and shipping, where cutting emissions will require big ramp-ups in the production of sustainable aviation fuel, for aeroplanes, and alternative fuels like hydrogen for ships.

Copernicus records go back to 1940. United States government calculated records go back to 1850. Scientists using proxies such as ice cores, tree rings and corals have said this is the warmest decade Earth has seen in about 125,000 years, dating back before human civilization. And the last several months have been the hottest of the last decade.

Scientists say there are two driving forces behind the six-month straight record, one is human-caused climate change from the burning of coal, oil and gas. That's like an escalator. But the natural El Nino-La Nina cycle is like jumping up or down on that escalator

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