The U.S. has restarted joint counter-ISIS operations with Iraq that were suspended after a drone strike killed a senior Iranian commander in Baghdad, two American military officials told NBC News late on Wednesday.
The officials who spoke on condition of anonymity because they are not authorized to speak to the media on the subject said Iraq was now also interested in the resumption of the operations that have been in place since 2015 as ISIS took control of swaths of Iraq and Syria.
Gen. Qassem Soleimani, a powerful commander of Iran's secretive Quds Force and commander of the country's forces in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and elsewhere throughout the Middle East, died in a U.S. drone strike on Jan. 3. After the strike, the U.S. military in Iraq focused on force protection rather than offensive operations.
U.S.-Iraq relations deteriorated after Soleimani's death, with Iraq calling the U.S. move an unacceptable breach of its sovereignty. The country's parliament later voted to expel U.S. forces, and thousands of protesters turned out in Baghdad and southern Iraq demanded the U.S. as well as Iran leave the country.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has responded to Iraqi anger by saying the more than 5,000 American troops in Iraq are critical to the fight against ISIS.
U.S. officials say Soleimani was targeted because he was planning attacks against the United States in the Middle East. But tensions had already been rising in the region before the strike.
In December, a rocket attack on a base in northern Iraq killed an American contractor. The U.S. blamed Iran-backed fighters for the killing, and quickly retaliated with airstrikes on Iranian-backed militias in Iraq and Syria.
The U.S. Ambassador to Iraq, Matthew Tueller, is scheduled to meet Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi Thursday to discuss the future of U.S. military presence in Iraq, according to officials.