Virgin Galactic space plane to make test flight on Wednesday

VSS Unity, first glide flight
Virgin Spaceship Unity glides for the first time after being released from Virgin Mothership Eve over the Mojave Desert on Dec. 3, 2016. Copyright Virgin Galactic
By David Freeman with NBC News Tech and Science News
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The flight should reveal more information about the craft's center of gravity, which is of critical importance to its handling.


Virgin Galactic plans to conduct a test flight of its SpaceShipTwo space plane in California on Wednesday morning, the space tourism company said Tuesday.

The test will be conducted in the desert north of Los Angeles. It will be the fifth powered flight of the space plane and the first since a Dec. 13 test that saw the VSS Unity craft rise to 271,268 feet (51.4 miles, or 82.7 kilometers).

That's just shy of the Karman line, an imaginary boundary 100 kilometers above average sea level that is often considered the beginning of space.

VSS Unity will fire its motor after being carried aloft and released by a carrier plane, WhiteKnightTwo, which will take off from the Mojave Air and Space Port in Mojave, California.

Virgin Galactic gave few details about the test but said it should yield more information about the craft's center of gravity — which is of critical importance to a vehicle's handling characteristics.

"We'll have several minutes of weightlessness to enjoy before we come back down," Virgin Galactic's chief pilot, David Mackay, said in a video that accompanied the announcement. "On the way back down in feather configuration, we'll be looking at how it handles in the feather, how easy it is to control in the feather."

Feather configuration refers to the space plane's wings, which extend (fold down) for stability and speed control during reentry and landing. A deadly October 31, 2014 crash of a previous Virgin Galactic space plane was caused when the pilot unlocked the folding wings prematurely.

Despite that accident, Virgin Galactic says hundreds of customers have signed up for brief suborbital flights into space. A ticket costs $250,000.

Virgin Galactic's founder, British billionaire Richard Branson, has said he's planning on making his own trip into space aboard a company space plane. "My wish is to go up on the 50th anniversary of the moon landing," he said earlier this month. The anniversary of Apollo 11, which brought astronauts to the moon for the first time, falls on July 20.

And Virgin Galactic may not be the only option for wannabe astronauts looking for a few minutes of weightlessness in the void.

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk said in September that the company would fly a Japanese billionaire around the moon aboard its Big Falcon spaceship in 2023. And Jeff Bezos' rocket company, Blue Origin, plans to charge customers$200,000 to $300,000 for brief suborbital flights aboard its New Shepard spacecraft sometime this year.

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