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Barroso EU Commission

europa

The members of the Barroso Commission (2010-2014)

portugalportugal
 José Manuel Barroso

José Manuel Barroso President of the EU Commission




United KingdomUnited Kingdom
Catherine Ashton

Catherine
Ashton
Vice-President

 

High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

Luxembourgluxembourg
Viviane Reding

Viviane
Reding Vice-President

 

Justice, Fundamental
Rights and Citizenship

SpainSpain
Joaquín  Almunia

Joaquín Almunia Vice-President

 

Competition

EstoniaEstonia
Siim Kallas</em>

Siim
Kallas Vice-President

 

Transport

NetherlandsNetherlands
Neelie  Kroes

Neelie
Kroes Vice-President

 

Digital Agenda

ItalyItaly
Antonio <em>Tajani

Antonio
Tajani Vice-President

 

Industry and Entrepreneurship

SlovakiaSlovakia
Maroš Šefcovic

Maroš
Šefcovic Vice-President

 

Inter-Institutional Relations and Administration

SloveniaSlovenia
Janez Potocnik

Janez Potocnik  

 

Environment

FinlandFinland
Olli Rehn

Olli
Rehn  

 

Economic and Monetary Affairs

LatviaLatvia
Andris Piebalgs

Andris Piebalgs  

 

Development

FranceFrance
Michel Barnier

Michel
Barnier  

 

Internal Market and Services

CyprusCyprus
Androulla Vassiliou

Androulla Vassiliou  

 

Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth

LithuaniaLithuania
Algirdas <em>Šemeta

Algirdas Šemeta  

 

Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud

BelgiumBelgium
Karel De Gucht

Karel
De Gucht  

 

Trade

MaltaMalta
John Dalli

John
Dalli  

 

Health and Consumer Policy

IrelandIreland
Máire Geoghegan-Quinn

Máire
Geoghegan-
Quinn
 

 

Research, Innovation and Science

PolandPoland
Janusz Lewandowski

Janusz Lewandowski  

 

Budget and Financial Programming

GreeceGreece
Maria Damanaki

Maria
Damanaki  

 

Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

GermanyGermany
Günther Oettinger

Günther
Oettinger  

 

Energy

AustriaAustria
Johannes Hahn

Johannes Hahn  

 

Regional Policy

DenmarkDenmark
Connie Hedegaard

Connie
Hedegaard  

 

Climate Action

Czech RepublicCzech Republic
Štefan Füle

Štefan
Füle  

 

Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy

HungaryHungary
László Andor

László
Andor  

 

Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion

SwedenSweden
Cecilia Malmström

Cecilia
Malmström  

 

Home Affairs

BulgariaBulgaria
Kristalina Georgieva

Kristalina
Georgieva  

 

International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response

RomaniaRomania
Dacian Cioloş

Dacian
Cioloş  

 

Agriculture and Rural Development

The European Commission

The Commission is the only executive body within the EU organisation. Its president is nominated by the member states subject to the approval of the European Parliament. The member states then subsequently nominate the other members of the Commission who are also subject to approval by the European Parliament.

The Commission is made up of 27 Commissioners, one from each EU member state. Commissioners are not tasked with representing their own country's interests but with proposing legislation for a policy area such as transport or energy.

The Commission operates on the principle of collective responsibility. If the European Parliament refuses to accept a nomination or chooses to sack a Commissioner, then the entire Commission has to go.

The Maastricht Treaty states that each Commission remains in place for a term of five years. This term can be renewed by the European Parliament.

According to the constitution of the Commission, the President allocates policy areas between the members of the Commission.

The Commission has 23 directorates covering general policy areas and 14 specialised services, like the Statistics Office or the Publications Office.

The Commission is central to the activities of the EU because it is the only body that can propose legislation. The Commission's proposals are then debated by the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers, which are the two decision-making bodies. Barring exceptional circumstances, decisions are taken by majority vote.

In producing proposed legislation, the Commission generally takes Member States' views into account. For more contentious proposals, the Commission can consult Member States' governments before continuing with a proposed directive, but may go ahead with a proposal whatever the result of this consultation.

As for foreign policy, the Commission is responsible for negotiating international agreements, which are then submitted to the Council for approval.

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spanish EU presidency

European Commission

  • History : Took office first on 10 August 1952 in Luxembourg
  • President : José Manuel Durão Barroso
  • Number of Commissioners : 27
  • Location : Brussels