He was the drug lord whose murderous campaign of narcoterrorism helped transform his native Colombia into the murder capital of the world.
Point of view
I knew that the violence he was generating would always turn against us.Son of Pablo Escobar
Thousands lost their lives during Pablo Escobar’s reign at the top of the infamous Medellín cartel – a powerful drug trafficking ring which, during the height of its operations, brought in more than $60 million per day and supplied an estimated 80 percent of all cocaine smuggled into the US.
Beginning his criminal career stealing cars and selling contraband cigarettes and fake lottery tickets, Escobar rose quickly through the ranks of the Colombian criminal underworld, often kidnapping and killing anyone who stood between him and his business interests.
By the early 90s, the so-called ‘King of Cocaine’ was the wealthiest criminal in history, turning over $21.9 billion a year in personal income, putting him among the richest men in the world.
Following his death during a shootout with police in 1993, his family fled Colombia for Mozambique, eventually settling in Buenos Aires Argentina where Escobar’s son, Juan Pablo, chose the name Sebastián Marroquín and sought to distance himself from his father’s and the Medellin Cartel’s nefarious activities.
After decades of remaining tight-lipped about his father, in the last few years he has written two books and featured in a documentary on the subject.
Euronews met with Marroquín to ask why, after so many years of silence, he has decided to reveal all about his relationship with his murderous father.
“The worst violence imaginable,” he responds when asked about what it was that made him turn away from the path his father carved for himself.
“Even Quentin Tarantino couldn’t have imagined as much violence as there was.”
After decades of silence, Marroquín says he feels he has a duty to tell the truth about Escobar. He tells Euronews that “glorification” is the “best ingredient” to make money from his father’s story, and that TV series and movies don’t even scratch the surface of his cruelty.
“It seems to me that the image of Pablo Escobar has been used to tell stories about him that are not true,” he says.
“As his son, it’s up to me to tell the truth about Escobar. It’s not a truth that benefits me – quite the contrary – it’s a truth that makes my father look even worse than how he is shown in the movies.”
‘Contradictions and paradoxes’
Pablo Escobar – dubbed El Padrino by those who adored him – spent vast sums of money trying to ingratiate himself with the Colombian community.
With the billions of dollars he made trafficking tons of cocaine out of the country, he built homes, hospitals, schools and sports centers and, according to Marroquín, these acts of generosity brought him “sympathy from the social classes who felt most abandoned [by the government]”.
Before long, the press began to call him ‘Robin Hood’, and Marroquín says that the image he cultivated “guaranteed impunity and protection for many years”.
But there were also contradictions to his father’s kindness, Marroquín says; a certain irony in his quest to do good.
According to him: “My father’s life is full of contrasts and paradoxes… He built sports fields so that young people didn’t use drugs, but he financed them with drug money.”
In spite all that his father had done, Marroquín’s first book was dedicated to El Padrino for showing him the path not to take in life.
“As a son,” he says, “I have the best memories of him as a father and the worst of his violence.
“The only thing I agree with those who have written about my father on is his unconditional love for his family.”
A difficult relationship
Escobar’s illicit activities were no secret.
Everyone, including his family, knew of the thousands of murders Escobar ordered, the kidnapping and torture, and, of course, the drugs.
As a young teenager, Marroquín did not keep his opinions from his father.
“I had him face to face and I told him a thousand times that I didn’t like the bombs he planted, I didn’t like that he kidnapped people, that he murdered people,” he says.
“I knew that the violence he was generating would always turn against us.”
And this, according to Marroquín, is what sets his books apart from the works of others on the subject of his father.
“The imbalance between the truth behind this story and the fiction people want to sell about my father’s life is evident,” he says.
“I know that I would go from selling thousands of books to selling millions if I dedicated myself to writing an ode to my father.”
However, he says he can’t stop people telling stories about Escobar, because he does the same thing.
But he feels the thing makes his stories different to the others is his refusal to glorify his father.
“I think the difference is summarized in a letter I received recently when I was presenting my second book in Argentina,” he says.
“A 13-year-old boy gave me a closed envelope and told me that he had known who my father was since the age of eight.
“He said: I know who your dad was because my grandmother told me about it and I was interested in the movies about him. I always wanted to be Pablo Escobar. Until I read your book. And now I want to be a journalist.”
In the name of the father
After fleeing Colombia following the death of his father, adjusting to normal life was difficult for Marroquín.
Escobar had gone down in a hail of gunfire when he was discovered hiding in a neighbourhood of Medellín following his escape from prison.
With authorities closing in, a firefight ensued and despite trying to make good his escape by fleeing across the rooftops, Escobar was felled by a fatal shot to the head.
However, in spite of all he had done, he was given a hero’s farewell, with 25,000 people lining the streets of Medellín on the day of his funeral.
His wife, son and young daughter fled the country, looking for asylum before settling, eventually, in Buenos Aires, where Marroquín still lives today.
He now has a son of his own, which raises the difficult question of what to tell him about his infamous grandfather.
“Obviously, I’m not going to start telling him what prohibition or the drug trade is,” says Marroquín.
“But he already knows that his grandfather is Pablo Escobar. My commitment to him is to raise him with respect and love, because I know that it would be exclusively what my father would give him if he were alive.”
But as for keeping Escobar’s transgressions from him, Marroquín refuses to do so.
“Of course he will know 100 percent of the crimes committed by his grandfather so that the day he has the chance to be the next Pablo Escobar he has enough knowledge to choose a different path.”
What would he say to those who would idolize his father?
“I would invite them to become aware of the true story of Pablo Escobar,” he responds. “It’s not that glorified, glamorous version you see in the TV series about him.”
According to Marroquín, the money and the luxury that came with his father’s profession were only a tiny fraction of a much larger picture.
“What is the point in owning a mansion if you do not have anyone at home waiting for you?” he asks. “When I was hiding with my father, we were surrounded by millions of dollars but we were starving. Money is supposed to take away your hunger. To us money brought hunger, death, violence, and the disappearance of loved ones.”
In his words, he would not recommend that anyone gets caught up in his father’s world.
“After all,” he says, “I do not know of any retired drug traffickers.”