European Court of Human Rights has ordered Turkey to pay 90 million euros to Cyprus over the 1974 invasion of the island and its subsequent division.
The Court held that Turkey was to pay Cyprus 30,000,000 euros in respect of the non-pecuniary damage suffered by the relatives of the missing persons, and 60,000,000 euros in respect of the non-pecuniary damage suffered by the enclaved Greek-Cypriot residents of the Karpasia peninsula. These amounts are to be distributed by the Cypriot Government to the individual victims under the supervision of the Committee of Ministers.
Cyprus has been divided since Turkey invaded after a coup by supporters of union with Greece. Only Turkey recognizes the breakaway Turkish Cypriot state that was proclaimed in the north of the island.
In a judgment delivered on 10 May 2001 the Court found numerous violations of the Convention by Turkey, arising out of the military operations it had conducted in northern Cyprus in July and August 1974, the continuing division of the territory of Cyprus and the activities of the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus”. Regarding the issue of just satisfaction, the Court held that it was not ready for decision and adjourned its consideration.
The judgement comes as the Turkish and Greek Cypriot communities are engaged in a new effort to reunite the island.