Washington targeted seven mid-level and senior Russian officials along with more than a dozen government entities.
The initiative comes amid growing frustration over delays in the EU's vaccine rollout.
The COVAX scheme has delivered millions of doses of coronavirus vaccine to African countries this week, but officials have admitted the scheme has gone slower than expected in certain areas.
Euronews looks at recent border restrictions prompted by coronavirus variants and what they mean for the future of free movement in Europe.
European Council President Charles Michel brought Georgia's ruling and opposition parties together in Tbilisi during his visit Monday, in an attempt to mediate the situation in the country.
Slovakia signed a deal to acquire 2 million doses of Russia's Sputnik V vaccine even though it has not received approval from the EU regulator.
The protests, which are supported by the far-left Podemos party, are putting strain on relations between the governing parties.