The man behind Google’s new campus

The man behind Google’s new campus
By Euronews

Since he was eight or nine years old, designer Thomas Heatherwick started noticing there seemed to be a human dimension missing (in architecture), viscerally and physically: “When you walked past a building built in the sixties and seventies, it generally felt very cold and two-dimensional like a drawing rather than a full three-dimensional creation. The world seemed very flat because orthogonal geometry and ‘boxiness’ were so generic.”

Around the same time, Heatherwick thought public spaces were “atrocious rubbish.” In his opinion, from the old people’s home, the school, the hospital to a lot of public transport, the bits that we shared were the bits that tended to be quite dead.

Thomas Heatherwick | © Earl Wan

“This is how we ended up with fluorescent tubes one foot from our faces on the bus,” he says. So, “how do you meet health and safety requirements, but also maintain the dignity of your passenger who is spending 4 to 5 years of their life sitting on a bus – assuming they spend 40 years commuting?” Heatherwick wonders.

It’s this intense “passion for the public experience” which has fueled Heatherwick’s last twenty years of practice, and explains why governments and huge corporations have been willing to take huge leaps of faith to back his soaring, otherworldly creations.

Seed Pavilion

In 2010, Heatherwick’s unforgettable design for the UK Pavilion at the Shanghai World Expo, “Seed Pavilion,” etched itself into global design consciousness and made him one of the most sought-after designers in the world. A series of city-defining projects followed and included a new double-decker bus for London, a huge multi-use educational building anchoring the campus redevelopment of Nanyang Technical University in Singapore and London’s Garden Bridge.

London Garden Bridge

London Garden Bridge

A city is the People’s Palace

Although London’s now-mayor, Sadiq Khan, cancelled the Garden Bridge (originally green-lit by his predecessor, Boris Johnson), the project is emblematic of Heatherwick’s philosophy that a city is “the people’s palace,” abounding with opportunities to engage, delight and enrich its residents, rather than dehumanize, belittle or overwhelm them.

Heatherwick likens the city space to visiting his grandfather’s house: “When I was little, I would visit my grandfather and there were books on the shelf, objects, engineering samples, toys, all these different things in his sitting room and study. A city should be like that.”

Continuing his unorthodox analogy, “a street isn’t just a thing between containers. Streets are rooms. A room has furniture, niches, alcoves and places. So often we treat buildings as the goal, but buildings are just rooms made of bricks,” he says.

“With rapid urbanization, it’s important for cities to show generosity to their people, to create a variety of different rooms and atmospheres,” explains Heatherwick.
Moreover, “in today’s post-digital-revolution world, when you can lie in bed, get a PhD and do all of your shopping without going out of your house, why would you go to a place unless it was much better than your home or added something to your life? Now, places have to mean something to people or they won’t go there. Developers can’t just offer the basics any more.”

“Ingenuity is needed more than ever”

Heatherwick is quick to emphasize that “interestingness” need not come at a premium though. Casual observers routinely assume that Heatherwick’s projects entail huge budgets but little do they know Heatherwick Studio customarily deals with very tight budgets.

“For the World Expo, we had half the budget of other Western nations and the Singapore university building was built for something a little over the cost of a carpark. The museum in Africa [Zeitz MOCAA] was one-eighth of the cost of comparable museums in other parts of the world. People assume that it’s expensive if it doesn’t look austere,” explains Heatherwick.

Zeitz MOCAA by Heatherwick Studio | © Iwan Baan

Zeitz MOCAA by Heatherwick Studio | © Iwan Baan

These days, budget-consciousness is the norm everywhere that’s why “ingenuity is needed more than ever” he says. “What we are doing is not giving up. The Studio develops buildable ideas by using resourcefulness and ingenuity. The luxury for me is the idea, not expensive materials.”

Even in the case of Google who has commissioned Heatherwick Studio and Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) to design its new campuses in Mountainview, California and London.

Mountainview | © Heatherwick Studio and Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG)

“They are interested in ideas. No one wants to look rich. They want to look clever no matter how much money they have. Google wants to be able to hold their head up high next to anyone and say, we spent “x” dollars per square meters”.

“It’s the drive to find ingenuity, rather than lavishness. People always forget: if you have the chance to build, you have to be practical. The world doesn’t come and build things for you,” he says.

Considering the sheer size of Google’s development in London, Heatherwick’s insistence on humanizing the built environment will be severely tested. “It is an eleven-story building with three triple-height floors. But the whole project started from The Engineer and working outwards from their computers, their desks and their workstations”.

Mountainview | © Heatherwick Studio and Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG)

“Thus, we have to think big and small at the same time, constantly zooming in and zooming back. There’ll be 4,000 people working in there but I’m equally interested in the ground because there will be 100,000 people or more every day walking past and looking around the building”.

“It’s 330 meters long. That’s longer than The Shard laid on the ground and certainly one of the longest buildings in the world in a city center context. It’s a big responsibility: how do you make something interesting enough so that people don’t get sick of one idea? How do you find multiple ideas within a single idea? It’s got to be a catalyst for street life. Are we taking something away from the city or adding to it?”

The ground-breaking for construction of the London campus took place in November with no completion date yet announced.

If someone can pull a rabbit out of a 1000 foot hat and create a felicitous intersection of humongous and humane, it’s Thomas Heatherwick, self-proclaimed Chief Agitator whose endless quest to restore soulfulness to the built environment makes him a one-man movement to “lift up and nourish” the cityscape.

Writer: Joanne Ooi
Follow Joanne @joanneooi and @culture.vlog