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Anti-vax sentiments, threats of violence widen divides ahead of tense French elections

Protesters march during a demonstration to denounce a COVID-19 health pass needed to access restaurant, long-distance trains and other venues.
Protesters march during a demonstration to denounce a COVID-19 health pass needed to access restaurant, long-distance trains and other venues. Copyright AP Photo/Daniel Cole
Copyright AP Photo/Daniel Cole
By Euronews with AP
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As the French presidential election approaches, the country experiences an unprecedented wave of attacks on political officials, especially in smaller communities.


In the Provençal village of Sainte-Anastasie-sur-Issole, voters are making an early start on France's presidential election.

From their ballot box this weekend and next will come the name of the candidate — picked from among dozens — that they want their mayor to endorse.

Normally, the current mayor Olivier Hoffmann would be the one making the choice, vowing to support one name from a list of potential candidates who are vying to get 500 endorsements from elected officials to get onto the April ballot.

But in an inflamed climate of election-time politics, and with fury among opponents of COVID-19 vaccinations increasingly bubbling over into violence directed at elected representatives, Sainte-Anastasie's staunchly apolitical mayor does not want to be seen taking sides.

It was safer to let the 2,000 villagers choose for him, he said.

“I know lots and lots of people in the village, many are my friends, I don’t want to create tensions," Hoffmann told AP in a phone interview. “So no politics.”

“Politics,” the mayor added, “often do more harm than good”.

History of disquiet

Even in a country with ingrained traditions of violent contestation, an upsurge of physical and verbal attacks and online torrents of hatred directed at public officials — often, now, over COVID-19 policies — are ringing alarm bells.

Violence hasn't approached the level of the storming of the US Capitol by Donald Trump supporters in 2021, nor have French lawmakers been killed like their counterparts in Britain.

There, the fatal stabbing of a Member of Parliament in October prompted renewed national soul-searching about the safety of elected officials with a proud tradition of readily meeting voters.

Still, there's mounting disquiet in France in the wake of apparent arson attacks in December that targeted a lawmaker and a mayor — both aligned with president Emmanuel Macron — and other violence targeting elected officials as the government steadily increased pressure on the non-vaccinated to get COVID-19 jabs to curb the surge of infections fuelled by the Omicron variant.

The interior ministry recorded a year-on-year increase of 47 per cent in acts of violence directed at elected officials through the first 11 months of 2021, with 162 lawmakers and 605 mayors or their deputies reporting attacks.

Lawmakers say death threats have become everyday occurrences.

Titled “decapitation,” an email received by lawmaker Ludovic Mendes in November read: “That's how we dealt with tyrants during the French Revolution."

AP Photo/Daniel Cole
A protester places a sticker next to a graffiti that reads "corrupt" on the regional ministry of health, during a demonstration in MarseilleAP Photo/Daniel Cole

This month, during protests against France’s vaccine pass that bars the unvaccinated from cafés and other venues, about 30 angry people besieged the office of lawmaker Romain Grau, shoving him and yelling furiously.

“Death! We’ll get you all,” shouted one man who launched a slap at the lawmaker's head.

Grau later told broadcaster TF1 that he feared the confrontation would finish “in a blood bath and a lynching”.

When lawmaker Pascal Bois' garage went up in flames in December, the words, “Vote no” and “It's going to blow!” were spray-painted on an outside wall, which he took as an intimidation attempt before the country’s parliament voted yes on the mandatory vaccine pass this month.


The National Assembly speaker, Richard Ferrand, says more than 540 of the 577 lawmakers have reported threats or verbal and physical attacks.

“France isn't bathed in fire and blood. These are acts of brutal minorities," Ferrand told the parliamentary TV channel this week. “Still, it seems to me that we have ratcheted up a notch, expressing a rage that is new.”

Anti-vaxxers and yellow vests

Anti-vaccination sentiment is also dovetailing with residual anger among “yellow vest” protesters.

The frequently violent demonstrations against Macron led by the group rocked his government before the pandemic.

Recent protests against COVID-19 measures have again seen some demonstrators wearing yellow vests.


When Bernard Denis was jolted awake by a loud boom in the middle of the night in December, the mayor of the Normandy village of Saint-Côme-du-Mont discovered his cars on fire and the words, “The mayor supports Macron," daubed in black on a wall.

Also written was “Zemour president” — a misspelt reference to presidential candidate Eric Zemmour, a far-right rabble-rouser with repeat hate-speech convictions.

Around 42,000 elected officials are empowered to sponsor a candidate for the presidential race. The bar of 500 endorsements is intended to whittle down the field.

Endorsing a candidate doesn't require agreeing with their politics. Some sponsors simply want a politically broad election choice. But because endorsements are public, they're also not without potential consequences.

In Sainte-Anastasie, Hoffmann is keen to participate. But the mayor wants to avoid any risk of villagers turning on him if he decides alone, so they could not say “‘you endorsed him so you support him, you’re this and that, you’re red, yellow, green, blue, blue-white-and-red' or whatever,” he explained.


Hoffmann is instead pledging to endorse their choice, even if the winner of the ad hoc vote he is organising is not aligned with his own politics, which he keeps to himself.

In the 2017 presidential run-off that Macron won, the village voted by a large majority for the loser, far-right leader Marine Le Pen, who is running again.

Villagers will choose from around 45 would-be candidates, including Macron, who Hoffmann assumes will seek re-election even though the president hasn't yet said so.

And thus, Hoffmann hopes, harmony will reign in what he calls “the village of my heart".

“I want to give it, my village, everything I have," he said, "and I don’t want politics to encroach on that."

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