European shares retreated further from five-month highs on Thursday ahead of a European Central Bank meeting that is expected to slash growth forecasts and hint at a new round of ultra-cheap loans for euro zone banks.
Euro-zone banks fell as some profit taking kicked in following gains made in anticipation of the ECB loan scheme, while the export-oriented auto sector continued to slide on worries over the sector's prospects amid slowing Chinese growth.
Basic resources stocks were also under pressure as copper prices fell, while gains in defensive sectors like telecoms and utilities, which are favoured in time of economic uncertainty, were not enough to offset broader market weakness.
By 0830 GMT, the pan-European STOXX 600 index was down 0.4 percent, while Germany's DAX and London's FTSE 100 were both down 0.5 percent.
Italian banks, which used the biggest share of the previous round of cheap central bank loans, rose 0.1 percent but remained below the highs hit in the previous session.
Elsewhere, earning drove the biggest share price moves.
A weak outlook sent shares in German publisher Axel Springer to the bottom of the STOXX 600, down 6.3 percent, while in-line results and a share buyback announcement sent brewer Royal Unibrew up 6.3 percent.
Britain's Melrose rose 5.8 percent after the turnaround specialist's full-year profits rose, boosted by last year's hostile takeover of British engineer GKN, beating analyst expectations.