Germany's leaders on Wednesday announced plans to end most of the country's coronavirus restrictions by March 20, a decision that coincided with moves by neighbouring Austria and Switzerland to drop many of their curbs sooner.
A three-step plan was endorsed by Chancellor Olaf Scholz and the country's 16 state governors as official figures show Germany's COVID-19 infection rate beginning to drift downward.
"The peak has now probably been reached," Scholz said.
The easing is to start with scrapping rules that prevented people without proof of vaccination or recovery from visiting non-essential stores and the lifting of limits on private gatherings of vaccinated people.
Beginning on March 4, requirements to enter restaurants and bars will be relaxed, with a negative test sufficing rather than—as in many areas at present—proof of vaccination or recovery plus a test or a booster shot.
Remaining "far-reaching" restrictions are to be dropped on March 20, Berlin Mayor Franziska Giffey said. But Scholz said that mask-wearing and distancing requirements will remain in place.
Germany saw infections caused by the highly contagious omicron variant surge later than in several other European countries. Officials have attributed this to the restrictions that have been in place since December.
But other countries, including neighbouring Denmark, also have moved faster to lift restrictions, and there have been growing calls for Germany to follow suit. Earlier on Wednesday, Austria announced that it will drop most of its restrictions on March 5 and Switzerland said most of its curbs will go this week.
Germany's national disease control centre has reported several days of slight drops in the country's infection rate, though it remains far above pre-omicron levels.
As Germany moves toward easing its latest restrictions, prospects of a vaccine mandate for all adults appear to be receding. Scholz came out in favour of such a mandate just before he became chancellor in December, but his three-party coalition is divided on the issue, and he left it to parliament to come up with proposals.
At present, it's unclear when lawmakers will vote on legislation and what if any kind of mandate would muster a majority.
Even already-approved legislation requiring health sector workers to present proof of vaccination or recovery by mid-March has run into difficulties, although Germany's highest court last week refused to temporarily block its implementation.