By Ben Blanchard and John Ruwitch
BEIJING/SHANGHAI (Reuters) - Chinese authorities are questioning former Canadian diplomat Michael Kovrig, who was detained days after the arrest in Canada of a Chinese businesswoman, on suspicion of engaging in activities that harmed China's national security.
The state-run Beijing News said on Wednesday that Kovrig, who works for the International Crisis Group (ICG), had become the subject of an investigation by the Beijing State Security Bureau.
He was detained after police in Canada arrested the chief financial officer of China's Huawei Technologies Co Ltd [HWT.UL] on Dec. 1 at the request of U.S. authorities, infuriating Beijing.
The Canadian government has said it saw no explicit link to the Huawei case.
"Canadian citizen Michael John Kovrig was on Dec. 10 investigated in accordance with the law by the Beijing State Security Bureau on suspicion of engaging in activities that harm China's state security," the newspaper said in a brief report.
The case is continuing to be investigated, it added without elaborating.
Accusations of harming state security could cover a wide range of suspected crimes, and in China are often very vague when first levelled.
The ICG, a think-tank focussed on conflict resolution, said in an earlier statement Kovrig was detained by state security officials in Beijing on Monday night.
Diplomats in China said the apparent involvement of the secretive state security ministry, which engages in domestic counter-espionage work, among other things, suggests the government could be looking at levelling spying accusations.
However, ICG President and Chief Executive Robert Malley said the group did not engage in such activity.
"I don't want to speculate as to what's behind it but I am prepared to be categorical about what's not behind it, and what's not behind it is any illegal activity or endangering of Chinese national security," Malley told Reuters, before the state media report came out.
"Everything we do is transparent, it's on our website. We don't engage in secretive work, in confidential work."
Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang, also speaking earlier in the day, said he had nothing he could say on the details of the case. He said the ICG was not registered in China as a non-government organisation (NGO) and Kovrig could have broken Chinese law.
"If they are not registered and their workers are in China undertaking activities, then that's already outside of, and breaking, the law, revised just last year, on the management of overseas non-governmental organisations operating in China," Lu said.
The Ministry of Public Security, which has oversight over foreign NGOs, did not respond to a request for comment. China's Ministry of State Security has no publicly available contact details.
The foreign NGO law, which took effect in January, is part of a raft of new national security measures introduced under President Xi Jinping.
"All foreigners that come to China, so long as they respect the law, have nothing to worry about," Lu said.
William Nee, China Researcher for Amnesty International's East Asia Regional Office in Hong Kong, said Kovrig's detention was alarming, especially as it appeared to be the first time the law has been used to detain a foreign NGO worker.
"We need to wait for the official explanation from the Chinese side, but this detention could have a chilling effect on the foreign NGO and business communities in terms of their feeling safe while travelling in China," he told Reuters.
Guy Saint-Jacques, Canada's former ambassador to China, was asked by the Canadian Broadcasting Corp on Tuesday whether the Kovrig detention was a coincidence after the arrest of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou.
"In China there are no coincidences ... If they want to send you a message, they will send you a message," he said.
A Western diplomat in China, who asked not to be identified, was even more blunt: "This is a political kidnapping."
China had threatened severe consequences unless Canada released Meng immediately and analysts have said retaliation for the arrest was likely.
Meng was granted bail by a Canadian court on Tuesday, 10 days after her arrest in Vancouver on U.S. claims that she misled multinational banks about Iran-linked transactions caused a diplomatic dispute.
Malley said Kovrig, who was based in Hong Kong, had been working on issues related to Chinese foreign policy in Asia and Africa.
"I'm just going to hope that whatever process is under way is going to be a fair one and one that will quickly show that there's nothing against him," he said.
(Additional reporting by Christian Shepherd and Michael Martina in BEIJING; Editing by Paul Tait, Robert Birsel)