Airlines across the world, including long-haul carrier Emirates, are rushing to cancel or change flights heading into the US over an ongoing dispute about the rollout of 5G mobile phone technology near American airports.
The issue is appearing to particularly impact the Boeing 777, a long-range, wide-body aircraft used by carriers worldwide - especially Emirates. Two Japanese airlines directly named the aircraft as being particularly affected by the 5G signals as they announced cancellations and changes to their schedules.
The cancellations come even after mobile phone carriers AT&T and Verizon said they will postpone new wireless service near some US airports planned for this week. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has cleared a number of aircraft to fly into airports with the 5G signals, but missing from the list is the Boeing 777.
Dubai-based Emirates, a key carrier for East-West travel, announced it would halt flights to:
- Dallas-Fort Worth
- New Jersey
- San Francisco
It said it would continue flights to Los Angeles, New York and Washington.
In its announcement, Emirates cited the cancellation as necessary due to "operational concerns associated with the planned deployment of 5G mobile network services in the US at certain airports."
"We are working closely with aircraft manufacturers and the relevant authorities to alleviate operational concerns, and we hope to resume our US services as soon as possible," the state-owned airline said.
The United Arab Emirates successfully rolled out 5G coverage all around its airports without incident, like dozens of other countries. But in the US, the FAA worries that the C-Band strand of 5G could interfere with radio altimeters.
Is 5G interfering with radio waves?
Altimeters measure how high a plane is in the sky, a crucial piece of equipment for flying, particularly at night or in bad weather.
The FAA will allow planes with accurate, reliable altimeters to operate around high-power 5G. But planes with older altimeters will not be allowed to make landings under low-visibility conditions.
Part of the problem, according to the FAA, is the signal strength of the 5G towers.
"Base stations in rural areas of the United States are permitted to emit at higher levels in comparison to other countries which may affect radio altimeter equipment accuracy and reliability," the FAA said in December.
The US Federal Communication Commission's chairwoman said in a statement that the 5G "deployment can safely co-exist with aviation technologies in the United States, just as it does in other countries around the world." However, Jessica Rosenworcel added: "It is essential that the FAA now complete this process with both care and speed."
AT&T and Verizon spent tens of billions of dollars for C-Band spectrum in a FCC government auction last year.
Of particular concern in the 5G rollout is the Boeing 777, a major workhorse for Emirates, which only flies that model and the Airbus A380 jumbo jet. Its Mideast competitor, Qatar Airways, anticipates "minor delays" on return flights from the US but says otherwise its dozen US routes are operating as scheduled.
Japan's All Nippon Airways Co. Ltd. said in a statement that the FAA "has indicated that radio waves from the 5G wireless service may interfere with aircraft altimeters."
"Boeing has announced flight restrictions on all airlines operating the Boeing 777 aircraft, and we have cancelled or changed the aircraft for some flights to/from the U.S. based on the announcement by Boeing," ANA said. It cancelled 20 flights to the U.S. over the issue to cities such as Chicago, Los Angeles and New York.
Japan Airlines Co. Ltd. similarly said that it had been informed that 5G signals "may interfere with the radio altimeter installed on the Boeing 777."
"We will refrain from using this model on the continental United States line until we can confirm its safety and we regret to inform you that we will cancel the flight for which the aircraft cannot be changed to the Boeing 787," the airline said. Eight of its flights were affected Wednesday — three passenger trips and five for cargo.
Chicago-based Boeing Co. did not immediately respond to a request for comment.