(Reuters) – Citigroup Inc <C.N> reported a surprise drop on Monday in quarterly revenue due to a steep decline in its fixed income trading business, hurt by volatility in financial markets at the end of the year.
Shares of the company fell nearly 1.6 percent to $55.80 in early trading.
“A volatile fourth quarter impacted some of our market sensitive businesses, particularly fixed income,” Chief Executive Officer Michael Corbat said in a statement.
Fixed income revenue fell 21 percent in the quarter due to widening credit spreads. The squeeze on revenue caused Citi to narrowly miss its efficiency target for the year, despite a 4 percent decline in expenses.
The bank ended the year with an efficiency ratio of 57.4 percent, just shy of its 57.3 percent goal. A lower efficiency ratio means a bank is better at managing its overhead expenses as a percentage of revenue.
Despite missing its efficiency goals, Citi exceeded its target for returns on tangible common equity (ROTCE), a widely watched measure of how well banks use shareholder money. Citi reported a 2018 ROTCE of 10.9 percent, topping its goal of 10.5 percent.
Citi is the first of the major U.S. banks to report fourth-quarter results. Wall Street majors JPMorgan Chase & Co <JPM.N>, Bank of America Corp <BAC.N> and Goldman Sachs <GS.N> will report later this week.
Citi’s results, however, may not be a good bellwether for most U.S. banks as it gets roughly half of its revenue from outside the United States.
Excluding a one-time tax related gain, quarterly profit rose to $4.22 billion (£3.2 billion), or $1.61 a share, in the quarter ended Dec. 31, from $3.70 billion, or $1.28 a share, a year earlier.
Revenue fell 2 percent to $17.12 billion. Analysts were expecting a 1.7 percent rise in revenue to $17.55 billion and a profit of $1.55 per share, according to IBES data from Refinitiv.
(Reporting by Imani Moise in New York and Siddharth Cavale in Bengaluru; Editing by Arun Koyyur)