By Guy Faulconbridge and Sujata Rao
LONDON (Reuters) - U.S. investment bank J.P. Morgan said on Wednesday the chances of Britain calling off its divorce from the European Union had increased after a string of humiliating parliamentary defeats for Prime Minister Theresa May cast new doubt over her plan to quit the bloc and sent sterling higher.
Britain's pro-Brexit trade minister Liam Fox also said it was now possible that Brexit would not happen. There was a real danger that parliament would try to "steal" Brexit from the British people, Fox told a parliamentary committee on Wednesday.
In one of the biggest shifts in perceptions since the shock 2016 vote to exit the EU, J.P. Morgan raised the probability of Britain ultimately staying in to 40 percent from 20 percent.
Ever since the referendum, investors have speculated that the United Kingdom's biggest economic and political shift since World War Two could ultimately be thwarted, though it was unclear what the mechanism might be.
"The UK now appears to have the option of revoking unilaterally and taking a period of time of its own choosing to decide what happens next," J.P. Morgan economist Malcolm Barr wrote in a note to clients.
He placed a 10 percent probability on a no deal Brexit, down from 20 percent, and a 50 percent probability on an orderly Brexit, down from 60 percent.
On Tuesday, just hours before the start of a five-day debate in the British parliament on May's Brexit deal, an adviser to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) said Britain could pull back its formal divorce notice without needing the agreement of the other 27 members.
While it is a non-binding opinion and the ECJ is still to rule, the opinion from Advocate General Manuel Campos Sanchez-Bordona also upped the chances of Brexit not happening as planned on March 29.
Silvia Dall'Angelo, senior economist at Hermes Investment Management, offered a similar view to J.P. Morgan's assessment.
"Beyond the blows of defeat to the Prime Minister in the House of Commons yesterday, news from the European Court of Justice that the UK could unilaterally reverse Article 50 makes a no Brexit a more realistic option."
"The government has previously denounced this route, but the road to Brexit is becoming increasingly contingent on financial markets' and businesses' ability to push the government," he wrote in a note.
Sterling, which has see-sawed on Brexit news since the referendum, touched a 17-month low on Tuesday but recouped much of its overnight losses on Wednesday as optimism grew that Britain may not leave the EU without a deal in place.
VOTE REVERSE POSSIBLE
In the June 23, 2016 referendum, 17.4 million voters, or 52 percent, backed Brexit while 16.1 million, or 48 percent, backed staying in the bloc.
To leave the EU on the terms May has negotiated, she needs parliament to approve her deal. Yet that looks unlikely.
In significant defeats on Tuesday, her government was found in contempt of parliament and then a group of her own Conservative Party members of parliament won a challenge to hand more power to the House of Commons if her deal is voted down. A final vote is due on Dec. 11.
If May loses, the future of the world's fifth-largest economy is uncertain. She has warned Britain could leave without a deal or that there could be no Brexit at all.
J.P. Morgan said a second referendum appeared more likely than a general election as the route to thwarting Brexit.
Supporters of Brexit have said that if Brexit is reversed, the United Kingdom will be thrust into a constitutional crisis as what they say the financial and political elite will have thwarted the democratic will of the people.
But many business chiefs and investors fear a chaotic Brexit that they say would weaken the West, spook financial markets and silt up the arteries of trade.
(Reporting by Guy Faulconbridge; Editing by Angus MacSwan)