By Andy Bruce and William Schomberg
LONDON -The number of employees on British company payrolls moved closer to its pre-pandemic level last month and pay growth hit a record high, albeit distorted by the effects of coronavirus lockdowns, official data showed on Tuesday.
As Britain’s economy extended its recovery, payrolls rose by 182,000 in July to 28.9 million – 201,000 shy of the level before the COVID-19 pandemic hit in March 2020.
The Office for National Statistics also said the headline unemployment rate fell to 4.7% in the three months to June, its lowest since the three months to August 2020.
Economists polled by Reuters had mostly expected the unemployment rate to hold at 4.8%.
Overall, the figures are likely to bolster confidence that the economy will emerge from the pandemic with less long-term damage than first feared by many forecasters.
“The labour market outperformed expectations as the economy accelerated with the relaxation of COVID-related restrictions,” said Yael Selfin, chief economist at KPMG UK.
The ONS said hours worked in a week surpassed the 1 billion mark for the first time since the pandemic first hit Britain and there was no sign of a feared surge in redundancies before the expiry of the furlough programme.
Britain’s labour market has been propped up by finance minister Rishi Sunak’s job subsidies which paid the wages on 8.9 million jobs at its peak in May 2020, during the first COVID-19 lockdown, falling to 1.9 million jobs at the end of June 2021.
“I know there could still be bumps in the road but the data is promising,” Sunak said. “There are now more employees on payrolls than at any point since March 2020 and the number of people on furlough is the lowest since the scheme launched.”
The scheme is being phased out by the end of September.
The Bank of England said this month the unemployment rate had probably peaked and it no longer expected a jump when the furlough scheme ends.
Vacancies in the three months to July hit a record high of 953,000, up by 168,000 on their pre-pandemic level, the ONS said. Many employers have said they are struggling to find staff as the economy emerges from lockdowns.
The ONS said average weekly earnings in the three months to the end of June rose by 8.8% compared with a year earlier – the highest reading since records started 20 years ago but skewed upwards by the effects of the pandemic.
The average weekly earning figures for the May-July period are used in the “triple lock” process for deciding the increase in the value of the state pension.
Sunak has suggested he will not automatically follow that process this year, after the data was distorted by more people on low wages losing their jobs than people who are better paid.
Underlying total pay could be rising at between 4.9% and 6.3% a year, the ONS said, noting uncertainties about how the estimates were reached.
Samuel Tombs, an economist at consultancy Pantheon Macroeconomics, said he thought pay growth was likely to lose momentum after the end of the furlough programme.
“As such, there is enough slack in the labour market to prevent wage growth concerning the (Bank of England),” he said.