China invests in more renewable power by 2025, but is still ramping up oil and gas production

Solar panels in Shanghai, China.
Solar panels in Shanghai, China.   -  Copyright  AP Photo
By Euronews  with Reuters

China aims to increase its renewable energy output, but maintains that crude oil and natural gas production will still be at the forefront of its future plans.

The combination of clean fuels and fossil fuels is about balancing energy security, while achieving its climate change goals, it says.

The world's biggest greenhouse gases emitter has announced that its carbon emissions will peak by 2030. It claims it will achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

In comparison to many countries around the world, however, this target comes much too late.

In December 2019, the European Commission announced the European Green Deal as the strategy through which to achieve EU climate neutrality by 2050. Sweden has committed to cutting its net carbon emissions to zero by 2045. Finland has gone even further with a target of 2035 and Uruguay's ambition is to achieve it by 2030.

"We will accelerate the adjustment of the energy structure and promote energy supply security and low-carbon transformation at the same time," the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China said in a statement on Tuesday.

Wind turbines of the Donghai Bridge Offshore Wind Farm are seen near the Donghai Bridge in Shanghai, China.Anonymous/AP2010

How much renewable energy will China use?

China will keep annual crude oil output at 200 million tonnes and crank up annual natural gas production to more than 230 billion cubic metres by 2025.

It aims to make non-fossil fuels account for about a fifth of total energy consumption by 2025.

In the same breath, it aims to make non-fossil fuels account for about a fifth of total energy consumption by 2025, up from 16 per cent in 2020, and to strictly control coal use in heavy industry including steel, chemical and cement.

About 30 gigawatts (GW) of coal-fired power capacity will be phased out during 2021-2025, while the country aims to install 380 GW of hydropower capacity and 70 GW of nuclear power capacity by 2025.