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Peru's Castillo builds election lead but Fujimori says won't concede yet

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Peru awakes to uncertain future with polarized vote on knife-edge
Peru awakes to uncertain future with polarized vote on knife-edge   -   Copyright  Thomson Reuters 2021
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By Marco Aquino and Marcelo Rochabrun

LIMA, Peru – Peruvian socialist Pedro Castillo widened his lead against right-wing rival Keiko Fujimori in the country’s presidential vote on Monday, but she said she will not concede yet and alleged “irregularities,” although without showing much proof.

The official count https://www.resultadossep.eleccionesgenerales2021.pe/SEP2021/ResumenGeneral/10/T from Sunday’s election showed outsider candidate Castillo with 50.3% and Fujimori on 49.7%, with around 95% of the vote counted. The leftist candidate had trailed overnight, but started to take the lion’s share of ballots as the count progressed, on the back of a late surge of rural votes.

“There’s a clear intention to boycott the will of the people,” Fujimori said at a press conference, in which she showed social media videos to back her claims, and accused supporters of Castillo of stealing votes. She also asked her base to bring forth new allegations, if they exist, on social media.

Castillo’s party, Free Peru, responded on Twitter that it “rejected” the allegations.

Analysts had expected that a close result could lead to days of uncertainty, tension and perhaps some level of unrest, but the claims now add fuel to that scenario. Earlier on Monday, Castillo’s party had said it had also been the victim of attempts of fraud, without giving specifics.

The vote underscored a sharp divide between the capital city Lima and the nation’s rural hinterland that has propelled Castillo’s unexpected rise.

Castillo, the son of peasant farmers, has pledged to shake up the Andean nation’s constitution and mining laws, spooking copper producers and local markets, which fell sharply in trading on Monday as he gained in the race.

“All we want right now is democracy, that everything be democratic. That whoever wins, the other accepts it and doesn’t start any trouble,” said Lili Rocha, a voter in Lima after some scuffles broke out overnight.

As results trickled in on Sunday evening, 51-year-old Castillo had rallied supporters to “defend the vote” when an exit poll had shown him behind, though he later called for calm.

Fujimori, 46, the daughter of ex-president Alberto Fujimori, who is in prison for human rights abuses and corruption, also appealed for “prudence, calm and peace from both groups.”

Castillo’s Free Peru party said on Twitter that the candidate, who had been in his northern rural home district to vote, had traveled to Lima to “safeguard the will of the people”, though a planned press conference was later called off. (Graphic: Peru’s knife-edge vote, https://graphics.reuters.com/PERU-ELECTION/jbyprgmnbve/chart.png)

‘HEIGHTENED UNCERTAINTY

J.P. Morgan said in a note that it could be days before the final outcome of the election was clear, and the two candidates might opt to wait for this process to finish before declaring victory or conceding defeat.

An unofficial fast count late on Sunday by Ipsos Peru had given Castillo a fractional lead, after an exit poll had said rival Fujimori would eke out a win, leaving the copper-rich country, investors and mining firms guessing.

The latest data showed Castillo with 8.55 million votes to Fujimori’s 8.46 million. The slower-to-count rural vote has helped Castillo’s late charge, though uncounted overseas ballots could still boost Fujimori.

“Unless the too-close-to-call scenario depicted by the quick count proves wrong, we seem poised for a number of days of heightened uncertainty ahead,” J.P. Morgan said.

Castillo’s sudden rise to prominence since winning the first-round vote in April has unnerved markets and spooked mining firms concerned over plans to sharply hike taxes on mineral profits and threats of nationalizations.

Analysts say, however, that whoever wins will have a weakened mandate given the sharp divisions in Peru, and will face a fragmented Congress with no one party holding a majority, potentially stalling any major reforms.

The two candidates pledged vastly different remedies for a country that went through three presidents in a week last year and has suffered a sharp economic slump brought on by the world’s deadliest per capita COVID-19 outbreak.

Fujimori has pledged to follow the free-market model and maintain economic stability in Peru, the world’s second largest copper producer, with a “a mother’s firm hand”.

Castillo, who has become a champion for the poor, has promised to redraft the constitution to strengthen the role of the state and take a larger portion of profits from mining firms.

Street vendor Natalia Flores said she had not voted for either candidate but was hopeful that whoever won would lead the country beyond the recent political turmoil and the pandemic.

“Whoever comes out ahead, I think they’ll have to do a good job because in Peru the issue of the pandemic is terrible for us economically. Work is unstable,” she said.

“Whether it’s Mr. Castillo, or Ms. Keiko (Fujimori), I hope they do a good job over the next five years.” (Graphic: Castillo v Fujimori, https://graphics.reuters.com/PERU-ELECTION/yxmvjabwzpr/chart.png)

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