By Emma Rumney and Stephen Eisenhammer
BEIRA, Mozambique (Reuters) – Dozens of fragile patients poured into a clinic in the wrecked Mozambican port city of Beira on Wednesday, as the government said it had confirmed the first five cases of cholera in the wake of deadly Cyclone Idai.
Thousands of people were trapped for more than a week in submerged villages without access to clean water after the cyclone smashed into Mozambique on March 14, causing catastropic flooding. Relief efforts have increasingly focused on containing outbreaks of waterborne and infectious diseases.
In Munhava, central Beira, doctors and nurses at a newly set up treatment centre said they are treating around 140 patients a day for diarrhoea. Many of the patients arrive too weak to walk.
A Reuters reporter saw two men carrying an unconscious woman from a rickshaw into the clinic, trying to cover her naked body with a sheet.
Inside, those too ill to sit lay on concrete benches attached to intravenous drips. Mothers were perched on plastic chairs in the courtyard, trying to get their children to drink rehydration salts from green cups.
“He won’t take it,” said Marisa Salgado, 22, holding her boy, aged 1-1/2, who stared with glazed eyes.
It was the second time she had been to the clinic this week, she said. Her child’s diarrhoea returned as soon as she got home, despite the chlorine solution nurses gave her to purify their water.
“I’m scared. I don’t know what to do,” she said.
Ussene Isse, national director of medical assistance at the Health Ministry, said he expected cholera to spread beyond the five cases confirmed as of Wednesday morning.
“When you have one case, you have to expect more cases in the community,” he told reporters. Health workers are battling 2,700 cases of acute watery diarrhoea – which could be a symptom of cholera – Isse added.
Health workers apply the same treatment for acute diarrhoea or cholera, with severe cases requiring rapid rehydration through intravenous fluids.
Such diseases are another threat in the wake of Idai, which tore through Mozambique and into neighbouring Zimbabwe and Malawi, killing more than 700 people and displacing hundreds of thousands of others.
Cholera is spread by faeces in sewage-contaminated water or food, and outbreaks can develop quickly in a humanitarian crisis where sanitation systems are disrupted. It can kill within hours if left untreated.
Lin Lovue, 27, said he had rushed his son to the clinic late on Tuesday after a day of diarrhoea. Within an hour of getting there, the child died.
“The biggest challenge is organisation,” said a coordinator at the clinic who did not want to be named. “The health system was completely broken after the storm and we have to re-establish capacity fast.”
Medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), which runs the emergency centre, has set up two others in Beira and is providing consultations via mobile clinics in several neighbourhoods.
Outside the clinic, two medics dressed in blue overalls lifted the body of a 1-year-old child wrapped in a white bag on to the back of an open-top truck. The father laid his child down on a bamboo mat as someone wrote the baby’s name on a wooden cross.
The World Health Organization is sending 900,000 doses of oral cholera vaccine to affected areas from a global stockpile. The shipment is expected to arrive in Mozambique later this week.
The death toll in Mozambique from Cyclone Idai has risen to 468, Mozambican disaster management official Augusta Maita said on Wednesday.
That takes the total number of deaths in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi to 707 people, with many more missing.
The United Nations refugee agency said one of its planes carrying relief items had landed in Mozambique’s capital Maputo and would proceed to Beira. The airlift is one of the three flights bringing relief to 30,000 people in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi, the agency said.
(Additional reporting by Manuel Mucari in Maputo and Stephanie Ulmer-Nebehay in Geneva; Writing by Alexander Winning; Editing by Louise Heavens, Janet Lawrence and Frances Kerry)