By Jeff Mason and Roberta Rampton
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Aiming to bolster his case for a wall along the U.S. border with Mexico, President Donald Trump said on Monday he would make a prime-time televised address and visit the border this week as the government marked its 17th day of a partial shutdown.
Democrats, who now control the U.S. House of Representatives, have rejected Trump's demand for $5.7 billion (4.5 billion pounds) to help build a wall. Without a deal on that sticking point, talks to fund the government have stalled.
Vice President Mike Pence said Trump had not made a decision about his threat to declare a national emergency and build a wall without congressional approval.
Asked about the possibility of legal challenges and whether the White House counsel's office had reviewed the matter thoroughly, Pence told reporters: "They're looking at it, and the president is considering it."
Trump's speech, planned for 9 p.m. on Tuesday (0200 GMT Wednesday) and the border trip on Thursday underscored his resolve not to back off his 2016 campaign promise to build a wall that he believes will stem illegal immigration and drug trafficking. He promised during the campaign that Mexico would pay for the wall. Mexico has refused to do so.
All the major U.S. television networks agreed to air Trump's speech.
Democrats in Congress, who say a wall would be expensive, inefficient and immoral, called for the networks to grant them equal time in a joint statement issued by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer.
“Now that the television networks have decided to air the President’s address, which if his past statements are any indication will be full of malice and misinformation, Democrats must immediately be given equal airtime," the statement said.
Pressure to reach a deal to end the shutdown is likely to grow as its effects are increasingly felt, including possible cuts in food stamp programs for the poor.
The acting director of the White House's Office of Management and Budget, Russ Vought, said tax refunds would be distributed despite the shutdown.
White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders announced the border trip on Twitter without providing details. The visit will likely highlight security concerns pushed by the administration as justification for the wall.
"The president's position is: There is a crisis at the southern border, and Democrats are refusing to negotiate," Pence said.
The emphasis on a "crisis" could be the administration's attempt to lay the groundwork for a potential emergency declaration. Such a decision would almost certainly face a legal challenge.
Trump has tried to link terrorism to illegal immigration, without providing evidence, as justification for the plan. Democrats say there has been no evidence of suspected terrorists coming through the southern border and that Trump has no grounds to declare a national emergency over the issue.
Large chunks of the federal government shut down on Dec. 22 over Trump's demand that a bill to keep the federal government operational include more than $5 billion to pay for what he has now said would be a steel structure to protect the border. About 800,000 government workers are furloughed or working without pay.
Pence said Trump also invited Democrats back to the White House to respond to its latest proposal to resolve the standoff over legislation to fund the government.
The vice president, who participated in weekend discussions on the shutdown, said Democratic staff said there would be no negotiations until the government is reopened.
Trump said in December he would be "proud" to shut the government down over the wall and told lawmakers last week it could last months.
The president skipped a planned trip to Florida to stay in Washington during the Christmas and New Year's holidays after the partial shutdown began. He exhorted Democrats in Congress to "come back from vacation" and approve funding for his wall.
Democrats returned to Washington in the new year, taking control of the House, and passed legislation to reopen all closed government agencies but did not include wall funding. This week, they will pass a series of bills to reopen federal agencies.
Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen told reporters in a briefing on Monday that terrorists had crossed the border into the United States but that information about the number of such incidents was sensitive or classified.
Democrats say other border security measures are more efficient and cost-effective than a wall, which they say is contrary to American values.
(Reporting by Jeff Mason and Roberta Rampton; Additional reporting by Doina Chiacu and Makini Brice, Writing by Doina Chiacu and Jeff Mason; Editing by Bill Trott and Peter Cooney)