By Shinichi Saoshiro
TOKYO (Reuters) - Asian stocks generally rose on Thursday after the Federal Reserve delivered a much-anticipated interest rate hike, while its caution on inflation tempered expectations for 2018 tightening, weighing on the dollar and Treasury yields.
China's central bank also raised rates, though marginally. While Chinese shares slipped, the wider impact was limited.
Spreadbetters expected Britain's FTSE to open 0.2 percent lower, Germany's DAX to start 0.3 percent off and France's CAC to slip 0.15 percent at the open.
As long expected, the Fed raised rates for the third time this year on Wednesday, and it stuck to its projection for three rate increases next year.
But the policy tightening was accompanied by concerns about low inflation, toning down expectations for policy tightening in 2018. The Fed projected inflation to remain shy of its goal for another year, giving policymakers little reason to accelerate the expected pace of rate increases.
"The key takeaway from the Fed meeting was the degree of concern shown towards low inflation, which likely led to two dissenting votes," said Junichi Ishikawa, senior FX strategist at IG Securities in Tokyo.
"The 10-year Treasury yield fell sharply on the Fed's stance and lacklustre U.S. CPI, which shows that the markets don't necessarily see the Fed hiking rates three times in 2018."
After dropping nearly 6 basis points overnight, the 10-year Treasury yield crawled up about a basis point to 2.3654 percent.
Data earlier on Wednesday showed U.S. core consumer prices, which exclude volatile energy and food prices, moderated to 0.1 percent in November from a 0.2 percent increase in October.
The dollar index against a basket of six major currencies was steady at 93.425 after sliding about 0.7 percent on Wednesday to pull away from a one-month top of 94.219 set on Tuesday.
The Fed's less hawkish statements supported MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan, but by afternoon its gain had been pared to 0.15 percent.
China's yuan was firmer and Shanghai shares were lower after the People's Bank of China hiked the reverse repo rate and the one-year medium-term lending facility (MLF) rate by 5 basis points as Beijing seeks to prevent destabilising capital outflows without hurting economic growth.
"Five basis points is not going to make that much of a difference. But it is an important symbolic message in the right direction, that rates are going higher," said Heng Koon How, head of markets strategy for United Overseas Bank in Singapore.
South Korea's KOSPI climbed 0.5 percent. Other gainers included equities from Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia.
Japan's Nikkei lost 0.3 percent, hurt by dollar weakness after the Fed decision.
The dollar was little changed at 112.625 yen after losing 0.9 percent overnight.
The euro was flat at $1.1825 following gains of 0.7 percent the previous day.
The European Central Bank is expected to stand pat on monetary policy when it announces a decision later in the global day, but investors will eye President Mario Draghi's views on the euro zone economy for potential incentives.
The pound was little changed at $1.3429 . Investors will sift through the Bank of England's views on Brexit when the central bank announces its policy decision later on Thursday. The BoE is seen holding policy steady after raising rates last month for the first time since 2007.
Prime Minister Theresa May's government suffered a defeat on Wednesday, when lawmakers forced through changes to its Brexit blueprint that ministers said could endanger Britain's departure from the European Union. Lawmakers voted in favour of an amendment to the EU withdrawal bill giving parliament more say over any final exit deal.
In commodities, U.S. crude futures rose 0.15 percent to $56.69 per barrel, lifted by the weaker dollar after two days of losses. Brent advanced 0.6 percent to $62.80 per barrel.
Spot gold rose to a one-week high of $1,259.11 an ounce. Copper and nickel also advanced.
A lower dollar generally makes dollar-priced commodities such as oil, gold and industrial metals cheaper for non-U.S. investors, boosting demand.
(Additional reporting by Masayuki Kitano in Singapore; Editing by Simon Cameron-Moore and Richard Borsuk)