TOKYO (Reuters) - A deal to complete post-financial crisis capital rules for banks around the globe may be reached on Thursday, the French central bank governor said on Monday, indicating he is ready to accept a compromise.
France has been a key hold-out for completing the Basel III rules but people familiar with the negotiations have said that the Group of Governors and Heads of Supervision (GHOS) due to meet in Frankfurt on Thursday would not gather unless a deal has been informally agreed on.
"I am confident that we are about to finalise a fair and reasonable agreement at our GHOS meeting next Thursday," French central bank chief Francois Villeroy de Galhau said in a speech at a university in Tokyo.
While much of the Basel accord is already implemented and a final deal has been near several times, a deal this week would end years of effort to harmonize banking rules.
Villeroy, who is also a European Central Bank policymaker, added that key task is now to implement the deal and ensure regulation is not rolled back.
"Unilateral deregulation would be nothing less than a lose-lose scenario with serious consequences for the stability of the global financial system – we would be paving the way for the next financial crisis – as well as the competitive landscape for U.S., Japanese and European banks," he said.
This week's compromise is expected to be about the so-called "output floor," which limits the extent to which a bank's capital requirements based on its own risk model can diverge from how they would be calculated under a more conservative model set by regulators.
France and a few others were unhappy with the deal but sources familiar with the discussion said that a long phase-in period would be accepted to soothe their concerns.
Villeroy said that a top risk to global trade is increasing protectionism.
"We, Europeans and Japanese, shoulder-to-shoulder with Canada and others elsewhere, must resolutely defend international economic relations based on commonly respected rules and multilateral institutions," he said.
(Reporting by Stanley White; Writing by Balazs Koranyi; Editing by Richard Borsuk)