Protests continued in Istanbul on Saturday against the Turkish government’s refusal to intervene to help Kurds in the Syrian border town of Kobani.
At least 37 people have died in demonstrations over the last three days in cities across Turkey.
Demonstrators want the Turkish government to open a “humanitarian corridor” into Kobani.
The Turkish President has dismissed the protests, saying he refuses to have foreign policy dictated to him by “layabouts” on the streets.
A senior Turkish Kurdish militant has warned the government they will relaunch their guerilla war, accusing Ankara of backing Islamist rebels in a proxy war against Kurds.
In Dusseldorf, Germany, more than 20,000 people gathered to demand a stronger response from the international community and for solidarity with Kurdish fighters who are taking on Islamic extremists in in Syria and Iraq.
Meanwhile, in Paris, thousands of Kurds marched, calling for increased international support and more weapons for Kurdish fighters who are poorly resourced compared with their opponents.