Kurdish communities across Europe have been out on the streets calling for more military support for the Syrian town of Kobani, under assault by ISIL militants.
Protesters blocked railway lines in Hamburg in Germany, just one of many demonstrations that were mostly peaceful.
There is growing anger over the lack of military and humanitarian support for the Kurdish town in Syria, just over the border from Turkey.
The Kurds in Turkey, and Syrian-Kurds who have fled the fighting, are watching in horror as ISIL appears to be about to take control.
Kurd demonstrations also took place in other countries including the Netherlands, Belgium, the UK, Switzerland and France.